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Properties of glass fibre cement — the effect of fibre length and content


The properties of glass fibre reinforced cement composites (grc) containing alkali-resistant fibres of lengths 10 to 40 mm and volume fractions 2 to 8% have been studied. At 28 days the optimum properties of the composite were achieved with 6 vol % fibre addition. These were 4 to 5 times the bending strength, 3 to 4 times the tensile strength and 15 to 20 times the impact strength of the unreinforced cement paste. Further increase in the fibre content increases the porosity of the composite resulting in the lowering of bending and tensile strengths. The stress and strain of the composite at matrix cracking increased with increasing fibre contents. No significant improvements in the modulus of the composite were observed over the range of fibre additions investigated. The trends in the properties of grc as affected by the variations in volume fraction and length of the fibre, and environmental conditions of curing of the composites, are qualitatively related to the degree of cement hydration, changes in porosity of the composites and fibre/matrix interfacial effects. The properties of grc change with time, (strengths tend to decrease) and long term studies are in progress.

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Ali, M.A., Majumdar, A.J. & Singh, B. Properties of glass fibre cement — the effect of fibre length and content. J Mater Sci 10, 1732–1740 (1975).

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  • Porosity
  • Hydration
  • Tensile Strength
  • Glass Fibre
  • Impact Strength