Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 320–322

The solubility of gas bubbles

  • G. W. Greenwood
Papers

Abstract

The solubility of a gas is usually defined in terms of its concentration in a semi-infinite material in equilibrium with the gas phase at a pressure of one atmosphere at a specified temperature. Since bubbles have a finite radius of curvature, it is important to extend this definition to describe their solubility in a way which is analogous to the equation relating the increase in solubility and decrease in radius of solid precipitates.

A thermodynamic analysis is presented which evaluates the gas solubility in equilibrium with a bubble and shows it to be independent of bubble radius except in so far as this radius is related to the pressure. The analysis is also applicable to bubbles having crystallographic faces and to bubbles whose shape is modified by intersection with grain-boundaries.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    H. Freundlich, “Kapillarchemie” (Leipzig, 1922)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. Wagner, Z. Electrochem. 65 (1961) 581.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. W. Greenwood, Report of Manchester Symposium on Phase Transformations (Institute of Metals, London, 1968) in press.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. S. Barnes and D. J. Mazey, Proc. Roy. Soc. A275 (1963) 47.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. W. Greenwood, A. J. E. Foreman, and D. E. Rimmer, J. Nucl. Matls. 4 (1959) 305.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. W. Greenwood and A. Boltax, ibid 5 (1962) 234.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. J. Smithells, “Metals Reference Book”, 4th edition (Butterworths, London, 1967) p. 605.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. V. Speight and G. W. Greenwood, Phil. Mag. 9 (1964) 683.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. S. Nelson, D. J. Mazey, and R. S. Barnes, ibid 11 (1965) 91.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Wulff, Z. Krist. 34 (1901) 449.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. W. Greenwood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MetallurgyThe UniversitySheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations