Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Vertical ozone variation in the lower troposphere of Delhi

  • 30 Accesses

  • 3 Citations

Abstract

Measurements of ozone in the urban environment of Delhi were carried out at ground level and heights of 23m, 51m, 117m and 153m at four different sites synoptically during 1989–90. A considerable ozone build up was observed all over Delhi and a significant vertical variation in its concentration was observed at all sites. At any given time O3 levels were lowest at ground level and invariably increased with increasing distance from the ground.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bach, W.: 1971, ‘Variation of Solar Attenuation with Height over Urbanized Areas’, J. Air Pollut. Control. Assoc. 22, 621–628.

  2. Barnes, J.D. and Davison, A.W.: 1988, ‘The Influence of Ozone on the Winter Hardiness of Norway Spruce (Picea abies L. karst)’, New Phytol. 108, 159–166.

  3. Boyd, A.W., Wills, C., and Cyr, R.: 1970, ‘New Determination of Stoichiometery of the Iodometric Methods for O3 Analysis at pH 7.0’, Anal. Chem. 42 (6), 670–672.

  4. Byers, D.H. and Saltzman, B.E.: 1959, ‘Determination of O3 in Air by Neutral and Alkaline Iodide Procedure’, Adv. Chem. Ser. 21, 93–101.

  5. Cooley, D.R. and Manning, W.J.: 1987, ‘The Impact of Ozone on Assimilate Partitioning in Plants: A Review’, Env. Pollut. 47, 95–113.

  6. Devlin, R.B., McDonnel, W.F., Mann, R., Becker, S., House, D.E., Schreinenmachers, D., and Koren, H.S.: 1991, ‘Exposure of Human to Ambient Levels of Ozone for 6.6 Hours Causes Cellular and Biochemical Changes in the Lung’, Am. J. Respir. Cell. Mol. Biol. 4, 72–81.

  7. Fabian, P. and Pruchniewicz, P.G.: 1977, ‘Meridional Distribution of Ozone in the Troposphere and Its Seasonal Variations’, J. Geophy. Res. 82 (15), 2063–2072.

  8. Fishman, J. and Seiler, W.: 1983, ‘Correlative Nature of Ozone and Carbon Monoxide in the Troposphere: Implications for the Tropospheric Ozone Budget’, J. Geophy. Res. 88 (C6), 3662–3670.

  9. Gay, M.J.: 1991, ‘Meteorological and Altitudinal Influences on the Concentration of Ozone at Great Dun Fell’, Atmospheric Environment 25A (9), 1767–1779.

  10. Heck, W.W., Asams, R.M., Cure, W.W., Heakle, A.S., Heggested, H.E., Kohut, R.J., Kress, L.W., Rawlings, J.O., and Taylor, O.C.: 1983, ‘A Reassessment of Crop Loss from Ozone’, Envir. Sci. Technol. 17, 572A-581A.

  11. Joos, E. and Maffiolo, G.: 1989, ‘Airborne Measurements of Ozone Concentrations in Background Air and Power Plant Plumes’, Atmospheric Environment 23 (10), 2249–2257.

  12. Kickert, R.N. and Krupa, S.V.: 1990, ‘Forest Responses to Tropospheric Ozone and Global Climate Change: An Analysis’, Environ. Pollut. 68, 29–65.

  13. Krupa, S. V. and Manning, W.J.: 1988, ‘Atmospheric Ozone: Formation and Effects on Vegetation’, Environ. Pollut. 50, 101–137.

  14. Leeuw, F.A.A.M.D. and Leyssisus, H.J.V.R.: 1991, ‘Sensitivity of Oxidant Concentrations on Change in UV Radiation and Temperature’, Atmospheric Environment 25A, 1025–1032.

  15. Levy, H., Mahlman, J.D. and Moxim, W.J.: 1985, ‘Tropospheric Ozone: The Role of Transport’, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 3753–3772.

  16. Miller, A. and Ahrens, C.P.: 1970, ‘Ozone Within and Below West Coast Temperature Inversion’, Tellus 22, 328–339.

  17. Mueller, F.X., Loeb, L., and Mapes, W.H.: 1973, ‘Decomposition Rates of Ozone in Living Areas’, Environ. Sci. Technol. 7, 342–346.

  18. Murao, N., Ohta, S., Furuhashi, N., and Mizoguchi, I.: 1990, ‘The Causes of Elevated Concentration of Ozone in Sapporo’, Atmospheric Environment 24A, 1501–1507.

  19. Peake, E. and Fong, B.D.: 1990, ‘Ozone Concentrations at a Remote Mountain Site and Two Regional Locations in Southwestern Alberta’, Atmospheric Environment 24A, 475–480.

  20. Peake, E., Maclean, M.A., and Sandhu, H.S.: 1983, ‘Surface Ozone and Peroxyacetyl Nitrate (PAN) Observations at Rural Locations in Alberta, Canada’, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 33 (90), 881–883.

  21. Puxbaum, H., Gabler, K., Smidt, S., and Glattes, F.: 1991, ‘A One Year Record of Ozone Profiles in an Alpine Valley (Zillertal/Tyrol, Austria, 600–2000 m a.s.l.)’, Atmospheric Environment 25A (9), 1759–1765.

  22. Reich, P.B. and Amundson, R.G.: 1985, ‘Ambient Levels of Ozone Reduce Net Photosynthesis in Tree and Crop Species’, Science 230, 566–570.

  23. Reiter, R.: 1991, ‘On the Mean Daily and Seasonal Variations of the Vertical Ozone Profiles in the Lower Troposphere’, Atmospheric Environment 25A (9), 1751–1757.

  24. Seinfeld, J.H.: 1989, ‘Urban Air Pollution: State of Science’, Science 243, 566–570.

  25. Singh, H.B., Ludwig, F.L., and Johnson, W.B.: 1978, ‘Tropospheric Ozone Concentrations and Variability in Clean Remote Atmosphere’, Atmospheric Environment 28, 2185–2196.

  26. Spence, R.D., Rykiel, E.J., and Sharpe, J.H.: 1990, ‘Ozone Alters Carbon Allocation in Loblobby Pine: Assessment with Carbon-11 Labeling’, Environ. Pollut. 64, 93–106.

  27. Varshney, C.K.: 1990, ‘Impact of Sulphur Dioxide and Particulate Pollution at Physiological and Biochemical Levels’, In: All India Coordinated Project On Air Pollution And Plants. Government of India, New Delhi, 125 pp.

  28. Varshney, C.K. and Aggarwal, M.: 1991, ‘Ozone Levels in the Urban Atmosphere of Delhi’, Atmospheric Environment Part B (in press).

  29. World Health Organization: 1984, Urban Air Pollution, 1973–1980. Global Monitoring System. WHO Report, Geneva.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Varshney, C.K., Aggarwal, M. Vertical ozone variation in the lower troposphere of Delhi. Environ Monit Assess 25, 41–49 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00549791

Download citation

Keywords

  • Ozone
  • Environmental Management
  • Ground Level
  • Urban Environment
  • Lower Troposphere