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Alpha1-acid glycoprotein concentration and serum protein binding of carbamazepine and carbamazepine-10,11 epoxide in children with epilepsy

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The relationship between the serum protein binding of carbamazepine (CBZ) and carbamazepine-10,11 epoxide (CBZ-E) and the concentration of α1-acid glycoprotein (AAG) and albumin (HSA) was examined in 39 CBZ-treated epileptic children aged 4 months to 12 years.

A significant inverse correlation was found between the free fraction of both compounds and serum AAG, even though changes in AAG concentration explained only part of the variation in binding. No correlation was found between the free fraction of CBZ and CBZ-E and HSA, probably due to the small intersubject variation in HSA concentration. In vitro experiments showed that both CBZ and CBZ-E were bound to HSA and to a lesser extent to AAG. At equivalent HSA concentrations, the binding of CBZ and its metabolite increased proportionately with increasing AAG concentration within the range occurring clinically.

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Contin, M., Riva, R., Albani, F. et al. Alpha1-acid glycoprotein concentration and serum protein binding of carbamazepine and carbamazepine-10,11 epoxide in children with epilepsy. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 29, 211–214 (1985).

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Key words

  • carbamazepine
  • epilepsy
  • carbamazepine-10,11 epoxide
  • alpha1-acid glycoprotein
  • serum protein binding
  • children