Infrared spectrometry is a versatile basis to analyse greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. A multicomponent air pollution software (MAPS) was developed for retrieval of gas concentrations from radiation emission as well as absorption measurements. Concentrations of CO, CH4, N2O, and H2O as well as CO2, NO, NO2, NH3, SO2, HCl, HCHO, and the temperature of warm gases are determined on-line. The analyses of greenhouse gases in gaseous emission sources and in ambient air are performed by a mobile remote sensing system using the double-pendulum interferometer K300 of the Munich company Kayser-Threde. Passive radiation measurements are performed to retrieve CO, N2O, and H2O as well as CO2, NO, SO2, and HCl concentrations in smoke stack effluents of thermal power plants and municipal incinerators and CO and H2O as well as CO2 and NO in exhausts of aircraft engines. Open-path radiation measurements are used to determine greenhouse gas concentrations at different ambient air conditions and greenhouse gas emission rates of diffusive sources as garbage deposits, open coal mining, stock farming together with additional compounds (e.g. NH3), and from road traffic together with HCHO. Some results of measurements are shown. A future task is the verification of emission cadastres by these inspection measurements.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Haus, R. and Goering, H.: 1991, ‘Atmosphärenphysikalische Grundlagen der infrarotspektroskopischen Luftanalyse’, Heinrich-Hertz-Institute of Atmospheric Research and Geomagnetism of the Academy of Sciences Berlin, Report, 35 pp (in German).
Haus, R., Schäfer, K., Bautzer, W., Mosebach, H., Bittner, H., and Eisenmann, T.: 1993, ‘Mobile FTIS-Monitoring of Air Pollution’, Appl. Opt. accepted for publication.
Herget, W.F. and Brasher, J.D.: 1979, ‘Remote Measurement of Gaseous Pollutant Concentrations Using a Mobile Fourier Transform Interferometer System’, Appl. Opt. 18, 3404–3420.
Mosebach, H., Eisenmann, T., Schulz-Spahr, Y., Neureither, I., Bittner, H., Rippel, H., Schäfer, K., Wehner, D., Haus, R.: 1992, ‘Remote Sensing of Smoke Stack Emissions Using a Mobile Environmental Laboratory’, SPIE 1717, 149–158.
Rothman, L. S., Gamache, R.R., Goldman, A., Brown, L.R., Toth, R.A., Pickett, H.M., Poynter, R.L., Flaud, J.M., Camy-Peret, C., Barbe, A., Husson, N., and Rinsland, C.P.: 1987, ‘The HITRAN Database, 1986 Edition’, Appl. Opt. 26, 4058–4096.
Schäfer, K., Haus, R., Wehner, D., and Mosebach, H.: 1992, ‘Modelling of Radiative Transfer for FTIR Remote Sensing of Smoke Stack Emissions’, 9th World Clean Air Congress, Proc., Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh, paper IU-9B.05.
Scotto, R.L., Minnich, T.R., and Leo, M.R.: 1991, ‘A Method for Estimating VOC Emission Rates from Area Sources Using Remote Optical Sensing’, Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants, Proc., Air & Waste Management Association, Pittsburgh.
About this article
Cite this article
Schäfer, K., Haus, R. & Heland, J. Inspection of non-CO2 greenhouse gases from emission sources and in ambient air by Fourier-transform-infrared-spectrometry: Measurements with FTIS-MAPS. Environ Monit Assess 31, 191–196 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00547196
- Emission Source
- Thermal Power Plant
- Radiation Measurement
- Open Coal