, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 368–375 | Cite as

Diel pattern of pelagic distribution and feeding in planktivorous fish

  • Erik Bohl


The spatial distribution of juvenile roach (Rutilus rutilus), rudd (Scardinius erythrophtalamus), bream (Abramis brama) and bleak (Alburnus alburnus) was registered by echosounding during two years in small Bavarian lakes. The gut contents of the fish were analysed in order to reconstruct their rhythmicity of food intake. Fish were found in the pelagic zone only during the night, feeding before midnight with maximal rate. The vertical position of the fish was dependent on the water transparency following a light intensity in the order of 10-3 Lux. The diel migration between littoral and pelagic zones was a mainly horizontal one with a vertical component. Both the speed of increase of fish density in the open water and of the vertical movement was correlated to the speed of change of light intensity. Shoals broke up into single fish during the offshore migration. The span of presence in the pelagic zone was identical with the duration of the dark period. During winter no diel migration nor periodical feeding took place.


Light Intensity Open Water Vertical Movement Dark Period Water Transparency 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Bohl
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoologisches Institut der UniversitätMünchen 2Federal Republic of Germany

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