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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 1137–1156 | Cite as

Particulate reinforced metal matrix composites — a review

  • I. A. Ibrahim
  • F. A. Mohamed
  • E. J. Lavernia
Review

Abstract

The physical and mechanical properties that can be obtained with metal matrix composites (MMCs) have made them attractive candidate materials for aerospace, automotive and numerous other applications. More recently, particulate reinforced MMCs have attracted considerable attention as a result of their relatively low costs and characteristic isotropic properties. Reinforcement materials include carbides, nitrides and oxides. In an effort to optimize the structure and properties of particulate reinforced MMCs various processing techniques have evolved over the last 20 years. The processing methods utilized to manufacture particulate reinforced MMCs can be grouped depending on the temperature of the metallic matrix during processing. Accordingly, the processes can be classified into three categories: (a) liquid phase processes, (b) solid state processes, and (c) two phase (solid-liquid) processes. Regarding physical properties, strengthening in metal matrix composites has been related to dislocations of a very high density in the matrix originating from differential thermal contraction, geometrical constraints and plastic deformation during processing.

Keywords

Carbide Plastic Deformation Nitrides Processing Technique Processing Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. A. Ibrahim
    • 1
  • F. A. Mohamed
    • 1
  • E. J. Lavernia
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Section, Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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