Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 17, Issue 8, pp 2453–2462 | Cite as

Structure property studies of fibres from various parts of the coconut tree

  • K. G. Satyanarayana
  • C. K. S. Pillai
  • K. Sukumaran
  • S. G. K. Pillai
  • P. K. Rohatgi
  • Kalyani Vijayan
Papers

Abstract

Fibres from different structural parts of the coconut palm tree (Cocos nucifera, linn.) have been examined for properties such as size, density, electrical resistivity, ultimate tensile strength, initial modulus and percentage elongation. The stress-strain diagrams, fracture mode, microfibrillar angle as well as cellulose and lignin contents of these fibres have been determined. The observed properties have been related to the internal structure and chemical composition of the fibres. Some potential uses of these fibres have been listed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. D. Mathai, N. S. Varrier and K. C. Moudgill, Ind. Coconut J. 2 (1948) 44.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Idem, Rep. Univ. Travancore 46 (1948) 464.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. S. Varrier and K. C. Moudgill, J. Sci. Ind. Res. 78 (1949) 19.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. R. Kaswell, “Textile Fibres, Yarns and Fabrics” (Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York, 1953) p. 25.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Harris, “Handbook of Textile Fibres” (Harris Research Laboratories Inc., Washington, 1954) p. 270.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. P. Stout and J. A. Jenkins, Amer. Sci. Textile Belzes 1955 (1956) 231.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. N. Prabhu, Coir 3 (1959) 29.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Idem, ibid. 4 (1) (1959) 27.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Idem, ibid. 4 (1960) 16.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. Venkateswarulu and K. Govindankutty, Acta Phys. Polon. 33 (1968) 605.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. V. Bhat and A. M. D. Namboodri, J. Sci. Ind. Res. 30 (1971) 720.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. Purushothaman, Coir J. ISA (1974) 56.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. G. Kulkarni, K. G. Satyanarayana, K. Sukumaran and P. K. Rohatgi, J. Mater. Sci. 16 (1981) 905.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. G. Satyanarayana, A. G. Kulkarni and P. K. Rohatgi, Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. (Eng. Sci.) 4 (1981) 419.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. G. Kulkarni, K. G. Satyanarayana and P. K. Rohatgi, J. Mater. Sci. 16 (1981) 1719.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. D. Preston, in “Physical Biology of Plant Cell Walls” (Chapman and Hall, London, 1978).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. W. S. Hearle, in “Fracture Processes in Polymeric Solids” edited by E. Rosen (International Science Publishers, New York, 1964) p. 107.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. C. Maclaughlin and G. A. Tait, J. Mater. Sci. 15 (1980) 89.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. G. Satyanarayana
    • 1
  • C. K. S. Pillai
    • 1
  • K. Sukumaran
    • 1
  • S. G. K. Pillai
    • 1
  • P. K. Rohatgi
    • 2
  • Kalyani Vijayan
    • 3
  1. 1.Regional Research LaboratoryCSIRTrivandrum, 695019, KeralaIndia
  2. 2.Regional Research LaboratoryBhopal, MPIndia
  3. 3.National Aeronautical LaboratoryBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations