Sol-gel prepared Ni-alumina composite materials
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The sol-gel method has been utilized for the preparation of dense, homogeneous ceramic-metal composites with up to 50% Ni in Al2O2. Examination by SEM and TEM shows that the materials consist of micrometre-size Al2O3 with metallic Ni in isolated regions from ∼50 μm down to nanometre size. The density ranges from ∼97% (10% Ni) to ∼74% (50% Ni) of the theoretical number. The hardness decreases from ∼18 GPa for pure alumina to ∼10 GPa for alumina containing 50% Ni. The fracture toughness increases significantly from K1c=3–4 MPa m1/2 to K1c=∼8.5 MPa m1/2. The elastic and shear moduli decrease from E=∼400 GPa and G=∼160 GPa for pure alumina to E=∼320 GPa and G=∼135 GPa when containing 50% Ni. The electrical resistivity is ∼106ωm with 10 to 40% Ni but decreases drastically at 50% Ni content.
KeywordsPolymer Alumina Al2O3 Composite Material Fracture Toughness
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