The psychopathic personality in a longitudinal perspective

  • Britt af Klinteberg

Key words

Psychopathic personality psychobiological vulnerability longitudinal research impulsiveness 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    American Psychiatric Association (1987) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd ed, rev. Author, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barratt ES (1991) Measuring and predicting aggression within the context of a personality theory. Journal of Neuropsychiatry 3:35–39Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blackburn R (1987) Two scales for the assessment of personality disorder in antisocial populations. Personality and Individual Differences 8:81–93Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Calloway E, Halliday R, Naylor H (1983) Hyperactive children's event-related potentiales fail to support under arousal and maturational-lag theories. Archives of General Psychiatry 40:1243 -1248Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Claridge G (1985) Origins of Mental Illness: Temperament, Deviance and Disorder. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cleckley H (1976) The Mask of Sanity (5th ed.). MO: Mosby, St LouisGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Coccaro EF, Siever LJ, Klar HM, Maurer G, Cochrane K, Cooper TB, Mohs RC, Davis KL (1989) Serotonergic studies in patients with affective and personality disorders. Correlates with suicidal and impulsive aggressive behavior. Archives of General Psychiatry 46:587–599Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Coid JW (1989) Psychopathic disorders. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 2:750–756Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Eysenck HJ, Eysenck SBG (1978) Psychopathy, personality and genetics. In: Hare RD, Schalling D (eds) Psychopathic Behavior. Approaches to Research. Wiley, Chichester, pp 197–223Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Farrington DP, Loeber R, Van Kammen WB (1990) Long-term criminal outcomes of hyperactivity-impulsivity-attention deficit and conduct problems in childhood. In: Robins L, Rutter M (eds) Straight and Devious Pathways from Childhood to Adulthood. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Geschwind N, Galaburda AM (1985) Cerebral lateralization. Biological mechanisms, associations, and pathology: I. A hypothesis and a program for research. Archives of Neurology 42:428–459Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gray JA (1981) A critique of Eysenck's theory of personality. In: Eysenck HJ (eds) A Model for Personality. Springer, New York, pp 246–276Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gough HGA (1948) A sociological theory of psychopathy. American Journal of Sociology 53:359–366Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hare RD (1970) Psychopathy: Theory and Research. Wiley, NYGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hare RD (1986) Criminal psychopaths. In: Yuille JC (ed) Police Selection and Training: The Role of Psychology. Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, pp 187–206Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hare RD (1991) The Hare Psychopathy Check List - Revised. Multi-Health Systems, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hare RD, Harpur TJ, Hakstian AR, Forth AE, Hart SD, Newman JP (1990) The revised psychopathy check list: Reliability and factor structure. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2:338–341Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hare RD, Jutai JW (1988) Psychopathy and cerebral asymmetry in semantic processing. Personality and Individual Differences 9:329–337Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hare RD, Schalling D (1978) Psychopathic Behavior. Approaches to Research. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Harris GT, Rice ME, Cormier CA (1991) Psychopathy and violent recidivism. Law and Human Behavior 15:625–637Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hart SD, Hare RD, Harpur TJ (1992) The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCLR): An overview for researchers and clinicians. In: Rosen JC, McReynolds P (eds) Advances in Psychological Assessment. Plenum Press, New York, pp 103 -130Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hodge JE (1992) Addiction to violence: A new model of psychopathy. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 2:212–223Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hodgins S (ed) (1993) Mental Disorder and Crime. Sage Publ, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kernberg OF (1984) Severe Personality Disorders. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    af Klinteberg B, Humble K, Schalling D (1992) Personality and psychopathy of males with a history of early criminal behaviour. European Journal of Personality 6:245–266Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    af Klinteberg B, Levander S, Oreland L, Åsberg M, Schalling D (1987) Neuropsychological correlates of platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) in female and male subjects. Biological Psychology 24:237–252Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    af Klinteberg B, Magnusson D (1989) Aggressiveness and hyperactive behaviour as related to adrenaline excretion. European Journal of Personality 3:81–93Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    af Klinteberg B, Magnusson D, Schalling D (1989) Hyperactive behavior in childhood and adult impulsivity: A longitudinal study of male subjects. Personality and Individual Differences 10:43–50Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    af Klinteberg B, Oreland L, Hallman J, Wirsén A, Levander S, Schalling D (1991) Exploring the connections between platelet monoamine oxidase activity and behavior: Relationships with performance in neuropsychological tasks. Neuropsychobiology 23:188–196Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    af Klinteberg B, Schalling D, Edman G, Oreland L, Asberg M (1987) Personality correlates of platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity in female and male subjects. Neuropsychobiology 18:89–96Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    af Klinteberg B, Schalling D, Magnusson D (1990) Childhood behaviour and adult personality in male and female subjects. European Journal of Personality 4:57–71Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Kosson DS, Smith SS, Newman JP (1990) Evaluating the construct validity of psychopathy in black and white male inmates: Three preliminary studies. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 99:250–259Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kruesi M, Hibbs E, Zahn T, Keysor CS, Hamburger SD, Bartko JJ, Rapaport JL (1992) A 2-year prospective followup study of children and adolescents with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Prediction by cerebrospinal fluid 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, homovanillic acid, and autonomic measures? Archives of General Psychiatry 49:429–435Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Lewis CE (1991) Neurochemical mechanisms of chronic antisocial behavior (psychopathy): A. literature review. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 179:720–727Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lidberg L, Levander S, Schalling D, Lidberg Y (1978) Urinary catecholamines, stress, and psychopathy: A study of arrested men awaiting trial. Psychosomatic Medicine 40:116–124Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Lidberg L, Modin I, Oreland L, Tuck JR, Gillner A (1985) Platelet monoamine oxidase activity and psychopathy. Psychiatry Research 16:339–343Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Loney J, Langhorne JE Jr, Paternite CE (1978) An empirical basis for subgrouping the hyperkinetic/Minimal Brain Dysfunction syndrome. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 87:431–441Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Magnusson D (ed) (1988) Paths Through Life. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Maier GJ (1990) Psychopathic disorders: Beyond counter-transference. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 3:766–769Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Mannuzza S, Gittelman Klein R, Horowitz Konig P, Giampino TL (1990) Childhood predictors of psychiatric status in the young adulthood of hyperactive boys: A study controlling for chance associations. In: Robins L, Butter M (eds) Straight and Devious Pathways from Childhood to Adulthood. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 279–299Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Mattson Å, Schalling D, Olweus D, Löw H, Svensson J (1980) Plasma testosterone, aggressive behavior, and per sonality dimensions in young male delinquents. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 19:476–490Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    McCord W McCord J (1964) The Psychopath: An Essay on the Criminal Mind. Princeton, NJ: Van NostrandGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Millon T (1981) Disorders of Personality: DSM-111 Axis II. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Monahan J (1992) Mental disorder and violent behavior: Perceptions and evidence. American Psychologist 47:511–521Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Newman JP, Widom CS, Nathan S (1985) Passive avoidance in syndromes of disinhibition: Psychopathy and extraversion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 48:316–1327Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Oreland L (1993) Monoamine oxidase in neuro psychiatric disorders. In: Yasuhara H, Parvez SH, Oguchi K, Sandler M, Nagatsu T (eds) Monoamine Oxidase: Basic and Clinical Aspects. VSP Press, Utrecht pp 219–247Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Oreland L, von Knorring L, Schalling D (1984) Connections between monoamine oxidase, temperament and disease. In: Patton W Mitchell J, Turner P (ed) IUPHAR IXth International Congress of Pharmacology. MacMillan Press, London, pp 193–202Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Partridge GE (1931) Current conceptions of psychopathic personality. American Journal of Psychiatry 10:53–99Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Pichot P (1978) Psychopathic behaviour: a historical overview. In: Hare RD, Schalling D (eds) Psychopathic Behavior. Approaches to Research. Wiley, Chichester, pp 55–70Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Raine A, O'Brien M, Smiley N, Scerbo A, Chan C-J (1990) Reduced lateralization in verbal dichotic listening in adolescent psychopaths. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 99:272–277Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Rapaport D (1958) The Theory of Ego Autonomy: a Generalization. NY: Bulletin of the Menninger ClinicGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Robins LN (1989) Epidemiology of antisocial personality. In: Cavenar JO (ed) Psychiatry. Lippincott Basic Books, Philadelphia, pp 1–14Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Rothenberg M, Nachson I (1979) Impulsiveness and aggression among Israeli delinquents. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 18:59–63Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Rutter M, Giller H (1984) Juvenile Delinquency: Trends and Perspectives. Guilford, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Satterfield JH (1987) Childhood diagnostic and neurophysiological predictors of teenage arrest rates: An eight year prospective study. In: Mednick SA, Moffitt TE, Stack SA (eds) The Causes of Crime. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 199–207Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Schalling D (1978) Psychopathy-related personality variables and the psychophysiology of socialization. In: Hare RD, Schalling D (eds) Psychopathic Behaviour. Approaches to Research. Wiley, Chichester, pp 85–106Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Schalling D, Holmberg M (1970) Extraversion in criminals and the ‘dual nature’ of extraversion. Psychological Laboratories, No. 306, University of StockholmGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Schalling D, Åsberg M, Edman G, Oreland L (1987) Markers for vulnerability to psychopathology: Temperament traits associated with platelet MAO activity. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 76:172–182Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Schneider K (1923) Die psychopathische Persönlichkeiten. In: Aschaffenburg G (ed) Handbuch der Psychiatrie. Barth, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Serin RC (1991) Psychopathy and violence in criminals. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 6:423–431Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Shekim WO, Davis LG, Bylund DB, Brunngraber E, Fikes L, Lanham J (1982) Platelet MAO in children with Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity: A pilot study. American Journal of Psychiatry 139:936–938Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Shekim WO, Hodges K, Horwitz E, Glaser RD, Davis L, Bylund DB (1984). Psychoeducational and impulsivity correlates of platelet MAO in normal children. Psychiatry Research 11:99–106Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Soubrié PH (1986) Reconciling the role of central serotonin neurons in human and animal behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9:319–364Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Stattin H, Magnusson D (1989) The role of early aggressive behavior in the frequency, seriousness, and types of later crime. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 57:710–718Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Williamson S, Hare RD, Wong S (1987) Violence: Criminal psychopaths and their victims. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 19:454–462Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Zuckerman M (1991). Psychobiology of Personality. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Britt af Klinteberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of StockholmStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations