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Theoretica chimica acta

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 213–222 | Cite as

The influence of polarization functions on molecular orbital hydrogenation energies

  • P. C. Hariharan
  • J. A. Pople
Commentationes

Abstract

Polarization functions are added in two steps to a split-valence extended gaussian basis set: d-type gaussians on the first row atoms C. N, O and F and p-type gaussians on hydrogen. The same d-exponent of 0.8 is found to be satisfactory for these four atoms and the hydrogen p-exponent of 1.1 is adequate in their hydrides. The energy lowering due to d functions is found to depend on the local symmetry around the heavy atom. For the particular basis used, the energy lowerings due to d functions for various environments around the heavy atom are tabulated. These bases are then applied to a set of molecules containing up to two heavy atoms to obtain their LCAO-MO-SCF energies. The mean absolute deviation between theory and experiment (where available) for heats of hydrogenation of closed shell species with two non-hydrogen atoms is 4 kcal/mole for the basis set with full polarization. Estimates of hydrogenation energy errors at the Hartree-Fock limit, based on available calculations, are given.

Keywords

Hydride Heavy Atom Polarization Function Local Symmetry Closed Shell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

Polarisationsfunktionen werden in zwei Schritten einer Basis von Gauß-Orbitalen hinzugefügt: d-Gauß-Funktionen für die Atome C, N, O und F und p-Gaußfunktionen für H. In allen Fällen ist ein d-Exponent von 0.8 bzw. ein p-Exponent von 1.1 bei den Hydriden befriedigend. Dabei hängt die Energieerniedrigung, die tabelliert wiedergegeben wird, von der lokalen Symmetrie am schweren Kern ab. Mit dieser Basis wird dann die LCAO-MO-SCF-Energie für Moleküle mit 2 schweren Atomen berechnet. Die mittlere absolute Abweichung zwischen Theorie und Experiment für Hydrierungswärmen von solchen Molekülen (mit abgeschlossener Schale) ist 4 kcal/Mol bei Einschluß aller Polarisationsfunktionen. Der Schätzwert für Hydrierungswärmen in der Hartree-Fock-Grenze wird ebenfalls angegeben.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. C. Hariharan
    • 1
  • J. A. Pople
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryCarnegie-Mellon UniversityPittsburgh

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