On the functional central limit theorem and the law of the iterated logarithm for Markov processes

  • R. N. Bhattacharya
Article

Summary

Let Xt∶t≧0 be an ergodic stationary Markov process on a state space S. If  is its infinitesimal generator on L2(S, dm), where m is the invariant probability measure, then it is shown that for all f in the range of \(\hat A,n^{ - {1 \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {1 2}} \right. \kern-\nulldelimiterspace} 2}} \int\limits_0^{nt} {f(X_s ){\text{ }}ds{\text{ }}(t\underline{\underline > } } 0)\) converges in distribution to the Wiener measure with zero drift and variance parameter σ2 =−2〈f, g〉=−2〈Âg, g〉 where g is some element in the domain of  such that Âg=f (Theorem 2.1). Positivity of σ2 is proved for nonconstant f under fairly general conditions, and the range of  is shown to be dense in 1. A functional law of the iterated logarithm is proved when the (2+δ)th moment of f in the range of  is finite for some δ>0 (Theorem 2.7(a)). Under the additional condition of convergence in norm of the transition probability p(t, x, d y) to m(dy) as t → ∞, for each x, the above results hold when the process starts away from equilibrium (Theorems 2.6, 2.7 (b)). Applications to diffusions are discussed in some detail.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. N. Bhattacharya
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of MathematicsIndiana UniversityBloomington

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