m-Chlorophenylpiperazine: A central serotonin agonist causing powerful anorexia in rats
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- Samanin, R., Mennini, T., Ferraris, A. et al. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Arch. Pharmacol. (1979) 308: 159. doi:10.1007/BF00499059
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Meta-chlorophenylpiperazine inhibited serotonin and noradrenaline uptake by synaptosomes to the same extent with IC50 of 1.3×10−6 M and 5.8×10−6 M respectively. Dopamine uptake was lesss affected by meta-chlorophenylpiperazine (IC50 of 2.2×10−5 M). Unlike d-amphetamine and d-fenfluramine, the drug did not significantly increase monoamine release in synaptosomal preparations. On the other hand, metachlorophenylpiperazine showed an IC50 of 620 nM in displacing 3H-5HT binding to brain membranes. Meta-chlorophenylpiperazine produced a dose-dependent reduction of food intake and this effect was prevented by a pretreatment with methergoline, a serotonin antagonist. The effect of metachlorophenylpiperazine was not modified by an intraventricular injection of 6-hydroxydopamine, electrolytic lesions of nucleus medianus raphe or ventral noradrenergic bundle, nor by a pretreatment with penfluridol, propranolol or phentolamine. The data suggest that the decrease of food intake induced by metachlorophenylpiperazine depends on its ability to act as a serotonin agonist in the brain. The specificity of the effects on serotonin suggests that this compound could prove an important tool for studies aimed at elucidating the functional role of serotonin in the central nervous system.