Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 865–870

Can sodium regulation be used to predict the relative acid-sensitivity of various life-stages and different species of aquatic fauna?

  • Magda Havas
  • Eric Advokaat
Part IV Acidification and Heavy Metals

Abstract

Fishes, Zooplankton, insect larvae, and benthic invertebrates differ in their sensitivity to acidic waters. Some species are able to survive and complete their life-cycle below pH 3.5 while others are eliminated once the pH drops below 5.5. Generally, acid-sensitive fauna are highly water permeable and have difficulty regulating osmotically essential ions, such as sodium and chloride, at low pH. Increased permeability during certain stages of a life-cycle (post-molt crayfish, for example) are often associated with increased acid-sensitivity. Special adaptations, including enlarged anal papillae in Chironomids and the number and morphology of chloride cells in such diverse organisms as crustaceans, insect larvae, and fishes, may enhance acid-tolerance. To test the hypothesis that Na+ regulation can be used to predict relative acid-sensitivity of aquatic fauna we will need a mechanism for standardizing Na+ regulatory capability.

Key words

Na+ flux Cl regulation chloride cells anal papillae acid-sensitivity crustaceans insect larvae fish 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magda Havas
    • 1
  • Eric Advokaat
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental & Resource StudiesTrent UniversityPeterboroughCanada

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