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Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 332, Issue 6, pp 565–567 | Cite as

Determination of heavy metals in sea water and in marine organisms by graphite furnace AAS

XXII. Fish muscle instead of liver and algae as reference material for lead and cadmium determinations
  • K. -R. Sperling
General

Summary

This paper is a plea for a reference material containing extremely low concentrations of Pb and Cd. A reasoning is given by a historical overview on the main topics of pollution research in relation to those metals. Emphasis has changed from toxicological tests (with high concentrations) over “hot spots” in the environment (certain organisms and organs, such as kidney and liver, showing significantly elevated concentrations) to mechanisms of transport and modelling. That development has been accompanied and promoted by methodological improvement. Those concentrations, which have to be determined with a sufficiently high precision are now in the lower background range. A proper standard material for such purpose could be fish muscle which, over and above, could be spiked, if necessary, for measurements in a higher concentration range.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Furnace Graphite Reference Material Main Topic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bestimmung von Schwermetallen in Meerwasser und marinen Organismen mit Hilfe der Graphitofen-AAS

XXII. Fischmuskel an Stelle von Leber und Algen als Referenzmaterial für Blei- und Cadmiumbestimmungen

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References

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    Sperling K-R (1983) Ecotoxicol Environ Safety 7:521–524Google Scholar
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    Sperling K-R (1984) DGM-Mitt 3–8Google Scholar
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    Sperling K-R (1988) Mar Pollut Bull 19:9–10Google Scholar
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    Sperling K-R (1979) Fresenius Z Anal Chem 299:103–107Google Scholar
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    Sperling K-R (1984) Fortschr Atomspektrometr Spurenanal 1:385–401Google Scholar
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    Sperling K-R, Bahr B (1980) Fresenius Z Anal Chem 301:29–31Google Scholar
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    Sperling K-R (1982) Vom Wasser 58:113–142Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sperling K-R, in preparationGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pesch, H-J (1984) Fresenius Z Anal Chem 317:461–465Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. -R. Sperling
    • 1
  1. 1.Biologische Anstalt HelgolandLabor SülldorfHamburg 55Federal Republic of Germany

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