European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 125, Issue 1, pp 81–88 | Cite as

The selenium state of healthy children

I. Serum selenium concentration at different ages; Activity of glutathione peroxidase of erythrocytes at different ages; Selenium content of food of infants
  • Ingrid Lombeck
  • K. Kasperek
  • H. D. Harbisch
  • L. E. Feinendegen
  • H. J. Bremer


The selenium concentration of serum is age-dependent. The median value at birth (\(\tilde x\)=50×10−9g/ml) amounts to half of the median value of adults (\(\tilde x\)=102×10−9g/ml). After a decrease in early infancy to \(\tilde x\)=34×10−9g/ml it steadily increases to \(\tilde x\)=58×10−9g/ml in the second half of the first year, to \(\tilde x\)=82×10−9g/ml in 1–5 year old children, and to \(\tilde x\)=92×10−9g/ml in school children. The activities of the selenium containing enzyme glutathione peroxidase of erythrocytes are also reduced in early infancy (x=7.2±0.36 U37/g Hb), whereas the enzyme activities of cord blood erythrocytes (x=8.72±0.76 U37/g Hb) are in the same range as those of older children or adults. The selenium content of some commercially available milk formulas for infants are lower than those of human and cow's milk.

Key words

Selenium Glutathione peroxidase Normal values Blood Infants Children Milk Nutrition 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid Lombeck
    • 1
  • K. Kasperek
    • 2
  • H. D. Harbisch
    • 1
  • L. E. Feinendegen
    • 2
  • H. J. Bremer
    • 1
  1. 1.University Children's Hospital IIIUniversity of DüsseldorfDüsseldorf 1Germany
  2. 2.Medical InstituteNuclear Research Centre Jülich GmbHJülichGermany

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