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Environmental and Ecological Statistics

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 325–332 | Cite as

Air pollution effects on hospital admissions: a statistical analysis of parallel time series

  • R. Burnett
  • S. Bartlett
  • D. Krewski
  • G. Robert
  • M. Raad-Young
Article

Abstract

A statistical model for longitudinal count data is used to examine the potential adverse health effects of ambient air pollution. Daily respiratory admissions to 164 acute care hospitals in Ontario are obtained for the period 1983 to 1988. Estimates of ozone levels in the vicinity of each hospital are determined from air pollution monitoring stations maintained by the Ontario Ministry of the Environment. Generalized estimating equation methods are used to make inferences about the regression and overdispersion parameters. The admission data display little evidence of serial correlation and extra Poisson variation. However, admission rates vary considerably among hospitals. This latter source of variation needs to be taken into account in examining the effects of air pollution on respiratory health status.

Keywords

Administrative health records air pollution estimating equations hospital admissions longitudinal count data overdispersion ozone serial correlation 

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Burnett
    • 1
  • S. Bartlett
    • 1
  • D. Krewski
    • 1
  • G. Robert
    • 2
  • M. Raad-Young
    • 2
  1. 1.Health Canada, Environmental Health CenterTunney's PastureOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Statistics CanadaTunney's PastureOttawaCanada

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