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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 47, Issue 1–2, pp 87–100 | Cite as

Zirconium toxicity assessment using bacteria, algae and fish assays

  • P. Couture
  • C. Blaise
  • D. Cluis
  • C. Bastien
Article

Abstract

Our contribution to Zr environmental hazard, arrived at by means of bioassays on bacteria, microscopic algae and fish, confirms the hypothesis that Zr has low toxicity. Toxic effects revealed with the Microtox test may be attributed to pH rather than specifically to Zr (5 min. EC50 > 4.3 mg L−1). Fish assays also confirmed the low toxicity of Zr (96-hr LC50 > 20 mg L−1; 96 hr minimal stress concentration > 20 mg L−1; Mutagenicity (Fluctuation test) and genotoxicity (S.O.S. Chromotest) assays failed to show any DNA-related effects linked to this metal. Only the algal assays (ATP energy stress) demonstrated genuine toxicity at Zr concentrations between 1.3 and 2.5 mg L−1.

Keywords

Toxicity Zirconium Toxic Effect Stress Concentration Environmental Hazard 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Couture
    • 1
  • C. Blaise
    • 2
  • D. Cluis
    • 1
  • C. Bastien
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut national de la recherce scientifqueSainte-FoyCanada
  2. 2.Environnement CanadaCentre Saint-Laurent, Conservation et ProtectionMontrealCanada

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