Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie

, Volume 335, Issue 8, pp 987–997 | Cite as

Determination of polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) and dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD) levels and isomer patterns in fish, crustacea, mussel and sediment samples from a fjord region polluted by Mg-production

  • M. Oehme
  • S. Manø
  • E. M. Brevik
  • J. Knutzen
Original Papers

Summary

Isomer-specific determination of polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) and dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) was carried out in 37 samples of different fish species, crustaea and mussel from a fjord area contaminated by waste water from a Mg-factory. In addition 6 sediment samples were analysed. The tetra- and pentachlorodibenzofuran isomer pattern of the Mg-process is very characteristic and dominated by isomers with chlorine in the positions 1,2,3,7 and/or 8. Very similar patterns were found in sediment, crustacea and mussel samples up to 15 km from the factory. Nearly all isomers were present in crab, shrimp and mussel while fish samples contained mainly 2,3,7,8-substituted congeners. The isomer distributions and concentration levels for different species and tissues with high and low fat content are presented. The applied analysis techniques and the quality assurance procedure as well as practical problems are described in detail. The found levels varied between low ppt- and high ppb-levels for single isomers.

Bestimmung von polychlorierten Dibenzofuranen (PCDF) und Dibenzo-p-dioxinen (PCDD) und deren Isomerenverteilung in Fisch, Crustaceen, Muscheln und Sedimenten einer durch Mg-Produktion verunreinigten Fjordregion

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kerr SR, Vass WP (1973) In: Edwards CA (ed) Environmental pollution by pesticides. Plenum Press, New York, pp 134–180Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Holden AV (1981) Marine Pollut Bull 12:110–115Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Veith GD, Defoe DL, Bergstedt BV (1979) Fish Res Board Can 36:1040–1048Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Swanson SE (1988) Dioxins in the bleach plant, thesis, University of Umeå, Institute of environmental chemistry, Umeå, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shiu WY, Doucette W, Gobas FAPC, Andren A, Mackay G (1988) Environ Sci Technol 22:651–658Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Doucette WJ, Andren AW (1988) Chemosphere 17:243–252Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mehrle PM, Buckler DR, Little EE, Smith LM, Petty JD, Peterman PH, Stalling DL, De Graeve GM, Coyle JJ, Adams WJ (1988) Environ Toxicol Chem 7:47–62Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Muir DCG, Marshall WK, Webster GRB (1985) Chemosphere 14:829–833Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ahlborg VG, Viktorin K (1987) Waste Managem Res 5:203–224Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ahlborg VG, Håkonsson H, Waern F, Hanberg A (1988) Nordisk dioxinriskbedömning (with English summary) Nordic Ministerial Council, Miljörapport 1988:7, NORD 49:5-111. Copenhagen, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oehme M, Manø S, Bjerke B (1989) Chemosphere 8:1379–1389Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Molvaer J, Bokn T, Kirkerud L, Kvalvågnaes K, Nilsen G, Rygg B, Skei J (1979) Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, report no 1103Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rygg B, Bjerkeng B, Molvaer J (1986) Grenlandsfjordene og Skienselva 1985, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, report no 1900Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rappe C, Andersson R, Bergkvist P-A, Brohede C, Hansson M, Kjeller L-O, Lindström G, Marklund S, Nygren M, Swanson SE, Tysklind M, Wiberg K (1987) Chemosphere 16:1603–1618Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Knutzen J, Oehme M (1988) Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, report no 2189Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Smith LM, Stalling DL, Johnson JL (1984) Anal Chem 56:1830–1842Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rappe C, Tarkowski S, Yrjänheikki E (1989) Chemosphere, in pressGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A detailed working procedure for the whole method in English is available on requestGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thrane KE, Mikalsen A, Stray H (1985) Int J Environ Chem 23:111–134Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Munder A, Buchert H, Niemczyk R, Swerev M, Ballschmiter K (1987) Fresenius Z Anal Chem 328:639–643Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hagenmeier H, Brunner H, Haag R, Kunzendorf H-J, Kraft M, Tichaczek K, Weberuss U (1987) In: VDI-Berichte Nr. 634, ISBN 3.18.090634-0, VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf, pp 61–90Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ballschmiter K, Buchert H, Niemczyk R, Munder A, Swerev M (1986) Chemosphere 15:901–915Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Swanson SE, Rappe C, Malström J, Kringstad KP (1988) Chemosphere 17:681–691Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rappe C, Kjeller L-O (1987) Chemosphere 16:1775–1780Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rappe C, Kjeller L-O, Jonsson P, Jonsson B, Håkonsson L (1987) Klorerade dibensodioxiner och dibensofuraner samt extraherbart organiskt bundet klor. Studier av havsediment utanför en skogsindustri. Swedish Environmental Protection Board, Solna, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Norstrom RJ, Simon M, Whitehead PE, Kussat R, Garrett C (1988) Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada, Analytical Report CRD-88-5Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kuehl DW, Butterworth BC, DeVita WM, Sauer CP (1987) Biomed Environ Mass Spectrom 14:443–447Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Miyata H, Takayama K, Ogaki J, Kashimoto T, Fukushima S (1987) Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 39:877–883Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Oehme
    • 1
  • S. Manø
    • 1
  • E. M. Brevik
    • 1
  • J. Knutzen
    • 2
  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Air ResearchLillestrømNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian Institute for Water ResearchOslo 8Norway

Personalised recommendations