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Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 108, Issue 3, pp 259–263 | Cite as

Utilization and degradation of lindane by soil microorganisms

  • C. M. Tu
Article

Abstract

Of 147 microorganisms isolated from a loamy sand, 71 showed good growth with lindane (γ-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane) and produced chloride in an aqueous medium. Thirteen soil microorganisms were selected to study the utilization of lindane. Lindane was metabolized by the microbes to γ-2,3,4,5,6-pentachloro-1-cyclohexene (γ-PCCH), α-3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-1-cyclohexene (α-TCCH), β-3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-1-cyclohexene (β-TCCH), γ-3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-1-cyclohexene (γ-TCCH), and pentachlorobenzene (PCB). Cells of Pseudomonas sp. No. 62 grown on lindane simultaneously adapted to γ-PCCH, α-TCCH, β-TCCH, γ-TCCH, PCB, 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene (1,2,3,4-TCB) and 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene (1,2,4,5-TCB). The bacteria degraded each of these chemicals at least partially as indicated by an increased rate of oxygen consumption.

Key words

Lindane Soil microorganisms Bacteria Actinomycetes Fungi Insecticide Chloride Respiration Degradation Utilization Pseudomonas 

Abbreviations

Lindane

γ-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane

γ-PCCH

γ-2,3,4,5,6-pentachloro-1-cyclohexene

α-TCCH

α-3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-1-cyclohexene

β-TCCH

β-3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-1-cyclohexene

γ-TCCH

γ-3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-1-cyclohexene

PCB

pentachlorobenzene

1,2,3,4-TCB

1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene

1,2,3,5-TCB

1,2,3,5-tetrachlorobenzene

1,2,4,5-TCB

1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene

1,2,3-tCB

1,2,3-trichlorobenzene

1,2,4-tCB

1,2,4-trichlorobenzene

1,3,5-tCB

1,3,5-trichlorobenzene

1,2-DCB

1,2-dichlorobenzene

1,3-DCB

1,3-dichlorobenzene

1,4-DCB

1,4-dichlorobenzene

MCB

monochlorobenzene

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Tu
    • 1
  1. 1.Research InstituteAgriculture CanadaLondonCanada

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