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The cancellation method for an accurate determination of an air-bone gap

Summary

For a reliable detection of the bone conduction threshold blocking of the contralateral ear can be necessary but then the noise will affect the threshold in the test ear. To resolve this problem the cancellation method is used. The equalization of air and bone conduction sound level in the inner ear is very accurate, the relation between the intensities has been proved to be linear and independent of noise at the contralateral ear.

An application for calibration of the bone conduction vibrator to the head phone is discussed. The benefit of the method for measuring an air-bone gap in an accurate way in patients suffering bilaterally from a severe conductive hearing loss is shown.

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References

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Correspondence to T. S. Kapteyn.

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Kapteyn, T.S., Snel, A.M. & Vis, E.C. The cancellation method for an accurate determination of an air-bone gap. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 228, 199–204 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00454228

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Key words

  • Air-bone gap
  • Cancellation method
  • Bone conduction calibration
  • Masking