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Effects of deforestation and afforestation on climate

Abstract

Forests cover 29% of the continents. Their importance for mankind is not only due to wood production but also by their manyfold influences on the biosphere. The properties of forest stands influence climate, water balance, air constituents and the dynamic of atmosphere. The welfare functions of forests can be observed in the global as well as in the local or microscale. Anthropogenic measures, as deforestation and air pollution, endanger the forests and by that one of the main pillars of nature on earth.

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Baumgartner, A. Effects of deforestation and afforestation on climate. GeoJournal 8, 283–288 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00446479

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Keywords

  • Forest Coverage
  • Forest Stand
  • Bowen Ratio
  • Carbon Dioxide Exchange
  • Forestry Operation