Mycopathologia

, Volume 3, Issue 3–4, pp 240–254 | Cite as

Pompholyx (Epidermophytosis, Dermatophytosis, Ringworm of the feet, infectious eczematoid dermatitis or ringworm, dyshidrosis)

A statistical contribution to the solution of the pending problems
  • T. Benedek
Article

Summary

„Pompholyx” as the oldest term for this disease in medical terminology, connoting a recurrent vesicular eruption on palms and soles, is recommended for general use in replacing a number of prejudicial terms connecting this condition either with a hypothetical and long reputed dysfunction of the sweat glands: dyshidrosis or with the causative role of fungi: epidermophytosis.

Publications of statistical investigations pertaining to the subject are reviewed. They show the amazing low percentage of pathogenic fungi which could be recovered in this condition.

Among clinically active cases, the lesions were microscopically negative in the ratio of 10% to 37%.

Clinically active and microscopically fungus-positive cases yielded from 80% to 95 % negative cultural results.

The present study of 983 cases showed 1.9% clinically active lesions on the feet. Microscopically and culturally all these cases were negative for any kind of pathogenic fungi.

During the camping period in mid-summer 1940, from June to late August, no prophylactic measures were taken to kill the fungi or to prevent their dissemination in locker rooms, on runways or shower rooms.

Despite this attitude there was no spread of fungi, no dissemination of infecting agents and no outburst of an epidemic of „epidermophytosis”.

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Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk Den Haag 1943

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Benedek
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Salvation Army Free DispensaryNorthwestern University Medical SchoolChicago
  2. 2.Laboratory for Mycological Research Department of DermatologyNorthwestern University Medical SchoolChicago

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