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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 584–613 | Cite as

Weathering of polymers: mechanisms of degradation and stabilization, testing strategies and modelling

  • J. R. White
  • A. Turnbull
Review

Abstract

The weathering of polymers is reviewed with attention concentrated on the mechanisms of degradation and stabilization, the methods of testing weatherability, and the predictive modelling of weathering behaviour. An introduction to the chemical mechanisms of degradation and stabilization is given and reference made to some of the many reviews available in the literature. Significant emphasis is placed here on engineering aspects, such as the way that weathering influences fracture mechanisms. The difficulties associated with relating accelerated laboratory tests with outdoor service behaviour are discussed. The complexities of the degradation processes limit modelling of the rate of degradation to rather specific systems and the predictions cannot be generalized.

Keywords

Polymer Laboratory Test Fracture Mechanism Predictive Modelling Weathering 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. White
    • 1
  • A. Turnbull
    • 2
  1. 1.Materials Division, Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing EngineeringUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Division of Materials MetrologyNational Physical LaboratoryTeddingtonUK

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