European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 138, Issue 1, pp 23–25 | Cite as

Testicular biopsy: Indications and complications

  • T. Hjort
  • L. Linnet
  • N. E. Skakkebæk

Key words

Testicular biopsy Sperm quality Anti-sperm antibodies 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ansbacher R, Gangai MP (1975) Testicular biopsy: Sperm antibodies. Fertil Steril 26:1239–1242Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bandhauer K (1966) Immunreaktionen bei Fertilitätsstörungen des Mannes. Urol Int 21:247–282Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    British Medical Journal (Editorial) (1980) Testicular biopsy for early detection of testicular tumour. Br Med J I:426–427Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Byers JH (1953) The influence of testes biopsy on semen quality. J Dairy Sc 36:1165–1171Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Charny CW (1940) Testicular biopsy. Its value in male sterility. J Am Med Assoc 115:1429–1432Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fjällbrant B (1969) Cervical mucus penetration by human spermatozoa treated with anti-spermatozoal antibodies from rabbit and men. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 48:71–84Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gassner FX, Hill HJ (1955) Testicular biopsy in the bull. II. Effect on morphology of testes. Fertil Steril 6:290–301Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gordon DL, Barr AB, Herrigel JE, Paulsen CA (1965) Testicular biopsy in man. I. Effect upon sperm concentration. Fertil Steril 16:522–530Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hjort T, Husted S, Linnet-Jepsen P (1974) The effect of testis biopsy on autosensitization against spermatozoal antigens. Clin Exp Immunol 18:201–212Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kremer J, Jager S (1976) The sperm cervical mucus contact test: a preliminary report. Fertil Steril 27:335–340Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Norén S, Friberg J (1978) The occurrence of sperm-agglutinating antibodies before and after testicular biopsy. Sperm-agglutinating antibodies and testicular biopsy. Int J Androl 1:76–80Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    O'Rand MG, Romrell LJ (1977) Appearance of cell surface auto-and isoantigen during spermatogenesis in the rabbit. Develop Biol 55:347–358Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rowley MJ, O'Keefe KB, Heller CG (1969) Decrease in sperm concentration due to testicular biopsy procedure in man. J Urol 101:347–349Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rümke Ph, van Amstel N, Messer EN, Bezemer PD (1974) Prognosis of fertility of men with spermagglutinins in the serum. Fertil Steril 25:393–398Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Samuel T, Rose NR (1980) The lessons of vasectomy. A review. J Clin Lab Immunol 3:77–83Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sykes JF, Wrenn TR, Moore LA, Underwood PC, Sweetman WJ (1949) The effect of testis biopsy on semen characteristic of bulls. J Dairy Sc 32:327–333Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tung KSK (1980) Autoimmunity of the testis. In: Dhindsa DS, Schumacher GFB (eds) Immunological aspects of infertility and fertility regulation. Elsevier-North Holland Inc, pp 33–91Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Hjort
    • 1
  • L. Linnet
    • 1
  • N. E. Skakkebæk
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Medical MicrobiologyUniversity of AarhusAarhus CDenmark
  2. 2.University Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology YARigshospitalet and Herlev HospitalCopenhagenDenmark

Personalised recommendations