Samples of 17 plant species (one herb, dwarf shrubs and trees) were collected monthly throughout the winter 1976/77. Samples were frozen down to selected temperatures and hardiness was estimated by visual observations of oxidative browning and bud break. In most species hardiness rapidly increased from September to November and dehardening started in February–March. In six species (Betula pubescens Ehrh., Picea abies (L.) Karst., Salix caprea L., Sorbus aucuparia L., Vaccinium myrtillus L., V. vitis-idaea L.) hardening developed faster at the continental than at the coastal location. Differences in maximum hardiness between sampling locations were generally small and there were no real differences in dehardening of the plants between the locations. Both twigs and buds of Salix pentandra L. and Populus tremula L. survived liquid nitrogen in January–February.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Benum D (1958) The flora of Troms Fylke. Tromsø Museums Skrifter 6,1. 402 pp
Burke MJ, Stushnoff C (1978) Frost hardiness: a discussion of possible molecular causes of injury with particular reference to deep supercooling of water. In: Mussell H, Staples RC (eds) Stress physiology in crop plants. Wiley Interscience, New York, pp 197–226
George MF, Burke MJ, Pellett H, Johnson AG (1974) Low temperature exotherms and woody plant distribution. HortScience 9:519–522
Gusta LV, Tyler NJ, Chen THH (1983) Deep undercooling in woody taxa growing north of the-40°C isotherm. Plant Physiol 72:122–128
Kaurin A, Junttila O, Hansen J (1981) Seasonal changes in frost hardiness in cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus L.) in relation to carbohydrate content with special reference to sucrose. Physiol Plant 53:310–314
Larcher W, Bauer H (1981) Ecological significance of resistance to low temperature. In: Lange OL, Nobel PS, Osmond CB, Ziegler H (eds) Physiological plant ecology, vol. I. Responses to the physical environment. Encyclopedia of plant physiology, New Series, Vol 12A. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 403–438
Levitt J (1972) Responses of plants to environmental stresses. Academic Press, New York
Parker J (1963) Cold resistance in woody plants. Bot Rev 29:123–201
Rapp K, Stushnoff C (1979) Artificial freezing of Rubus chamaemorus L. for estimation of genetic components in cold hardiness. Meld Nor Landbrukshoegsk 58:1–14
Sakai A (1966) Studies of frost hardiness in woody plants. 2. Effects of temperature on hardening. Plant Physiol 41:353–359
Sakai A (1970) Freezing resistance in willows from different climates. Ecology 51:485–491
Sakai A, Eiga S (1985) Physiological and ecological aspects of cold adaptation in boreal conifers. In: Kaurin A, Junttila O, Nilsen J (eds) Plant production in the North. Proc Workshop Plant Adaptation, Tromsø, 4–10 September 1983. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, pp 157–170
Sakai A, Weiser CJ (1973) Freezing resistance of trees in North America with reference to tree regions. Ecology 54:118–126
Smithberg M, Weiser CJ (1968) Patterns of variation among climatic races of red-osier dogwood. Ecology 49:495–505
Stushnoff C, Junttila O, Kaurin A (1985) Genetics and breeding for cold hardiness in woody plants. In: Kaurin A, Junttila O, Nilsen J (eds) Plant production in the North. Proc Workshop Plant Adaptation, Tromsø, 4–10 September 1983. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, pp 141–156
Tumanov I, Krasavtsev O (1959) Hardening of northern woody plants by temperatures below zero. Sov Plant Physiol 6:439–444
Van Huystee R, Weiser CJ, Li PH (1967) A chronology of cold acclimation and phenological characters in redosier dogwood under natural and controlled photoperiod and temperatures. Bot Gaz 128:200–205
Weiser CJ (1970) Cold resistance and acclimation in woody plants. HortScience 5:403–410
About this article
Cite this article
Stushnoff, C., Junttila, O. Seasonal development of cold stress resistance in several plant species at a coastal and a continental location in North Norway. Polar Biol 5, 129–133 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00441691
- Cold Stress
- Visual Observation