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Seasonal development of cold stress resistance in several plant species at a coastal and a continental location in North Norway

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Summary

Samples of 17 plant species (one herb, dwarf shrubs and trees) were collected monthly throughout the winter 1976/77. Samples were frozen down to selected temperatures and hardiness was estimated by visual observations of oxidative browning and bud break. In most species hardiness rapidly increased from September to November and dehardening started in February–March. In six species (Betula pubescens Ehrh., Picea abies (L.) Karst., Salix caprea L., Sorbus aucuparia L., Vaccinium myrtillus L., V. vitis-idaea L.) hardening developed faster at the continental than at the coastal location. Differences in maximum hardiness between sampling locations were generally small and there were no real differences in dehardening of the plants between the locations. Both twigs and buds of Salix pentandra L. and Populus tremula L. survived liquid nitrogen in January–February.

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Stushnoff, C., Junttila, O. Seasonal development of cold stress resistance in several plant species at a coastal and a continental location in North Norway. Polar Biol 5, 129–133 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00441691

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Keywords

  • Populus
  • Cold Stress
  • Betula
  • Salix
  • Visual Observation