Advertisement

The Science of Nature

, Volume 65, Issue 7, pp 382–384 | Cite as

A new pheromone of the silkworm moth Bombyx mori

Sensory pathway and behavioral effect
  • K. E. Kaissling
  • G. Kasang
  • H. J. Bestmann
  • W. Stransky
  • O. Vostrowsky
Article

Abstract

The female silkmoth Bombyx mori L. emits a second pheromone component bombykal (E-10, Z-12-hexade-cadien-1-al) in addition to the well-known sexual attractant bombykol (E-10, Z-12-hexadecadien-1-ol). Bombykal stimulates its own specialized and highly sensitive olfactory cells of the male moth. Surprisingly, the aldehyde inhibits the release of the male's wing-fluttering response to bombykol.

Keywords

Aldehyde Pheromone Component Male Moth Mulberry Leave Female Gland 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Butenandt, A., et al.: Z. Naturforsch. 14b, 283 (1959)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Silverstein, R.M., Young, J.C.: ACS Symp. Ser. 23, 1 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Steinbrecht, R.A.: Z. Zellforsch. 139, 533 (1973)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kochansky, J., et al.: J. Insect. Physiol. 21, 1977 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bestmann, H.J., et al.: Tetrahedron Lett. 1977, 121Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    O'Connell, R.J.: J. Gen. Physiol. 65, 179 (1975); den Otter, C.J.: J. Comp. Physiol. 121, 205 (1977)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kasang, G., et al.: Angew. Chem. 90, 74 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kaissling, K.E., Priesner, E.: Naturwissenschaften 57, 23 (1970)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cross, J.H., et al.: J. Chem. Ecol. 2, 457 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Each gland also contains 31 ng of the E,E isomer of bombykol [(E)-10, (E)-12-hexadecadienol; see Kasang, G., Schäfer, W., Schneider, D.: Naturwissenschaften 65, 337 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schwinck, J.: Z. Vgl. Physiol. 37, 19 (1954); Kramer, E.: Int. Symp. Olfaction and Taste V, p. 329 (eds. D.A. Denton, J.P. Coghlan). New York: Academic Press 1975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Detection of inhibitory and synergistic compounds via excitation of separate receptor cells has been demonstrated in several moths. See [4], [6] and Preiss, R., Priesner, E.: Verh. dtsch. entomol. Ges. (in press)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Steinbrecht, R.A.: J. Cell Sci. 4, 39 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Steinbrecht, R.A.: Z. Vgl. Physiol. 48, 341 (1964)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    As a starting point for the comparison of our test concentrations with those expected in the wild, a single female gland placed in our apparatus at an airstream velocity of 1 m/s releases about as much bombykol as our standard filter-paper source carrying 0.1 μg bombykol. These considerations underline the importance of studies of related wild speciesGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bombykal is very unlikely to have been one of the three gaschromatograph fractions found to elicit behavioral responses by Anders, F., Bayer, E.: Biol. Zentralbl. 78, 584 (1959). One reason is that the bombykal concentration would probably not have been sufficient for an excitatory effect under their experimental conditions. In addition, bombykal can be excluded on the basis of gaschromatograph retention times [7]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. E. Kaissling
    • 1
  • G. Kasang
    • 1
  • H. J. Bestmann
    • 2
  • W. Stransky
    • 2
  • O. Vostrowsky
    • 2
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für VerhaltensphysiologieSeewiesen
  2. 2.Institut für Organische Chemie II der UniversitätErlangen

Personalised recommendations