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Studies on detection of Candida antigen in the sera of mice inoculated orally with Candida albicans

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The authors succeeded in establishing a murine model of systemic candidiasis being disseminated from the primary gastrointestinal lesions caused by oral inoculation of Candida albicans. Using this model, an attempt was made for detecting the Candida antigen by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using avidin-biotin (AB-ELISA) from the serum of infected mice.

Gastrointestinal candidiasis was formed in all of the 20 mice treated with the drugs (antibiotics, antineoplastic agents, hydrocortisone, etc.) and inoculated orally with C. albicans. Fourteen of these mice suffered from submucosal candidiasis, and C. albicans was cultured from the visceral organs in 12 of them. The assay by AB-ELISA was able to detect 1.0 ng/ml Candida mannan in the mouse serum. The Candida antigen was detected in the sera of 11 of the 14 mice with submucosal candidiasis. However, the antigen could not be detected in the sera of the 6 mice with intramucosal candidiasis.

The assay by AB-ELISA is more sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of systemic candidiasis than other serological assays.

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Correspondence to Hiroshi Suzuki.

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Suzuki, H., Taguchi, H., Nishimura, K. et al. Studies on detection of Candida antigen in the sera of mice inoculated orally with Candida albicans . Mycopathologia 104, 7–17 (1988).

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Key words

  • systemic candidiasis
  • gastrointestinal candidiasis
  • Candida mannan antigen
  • enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using avidin-biotin (AB-ELISA)