, Volume 133, Issue 1, pp 15–21 | Cite as

The mycoflora and incidence of aflatoxin, zearalenone and sterigmatocystin in dairy feed and forage samples from Eastern India and Bangladesh

  • Sarah I. Phillips
  • Peter W. Wareing
  • Ambika Dutta
  • Shantanu Panigrahi
  • Victor Medlock


The mycoflora of a range of mixed ruminant feed and forage samples collected in Eastern India and Bangladesh were determined. Most fungi isolated from the samples were those associated with low moisture contents. Several potentially mycotoxigenic fungi and thermotolerant species were present particularly in the rice straw. The most frequently isolated fungi were: Aspergillus versicolor (Vuill.) Tiraboschi, Penicillium citrinum Thorn, Eurotium species, Wallemia sebi (Fr.) v. Arx, Aspergillus penicilloides Speg. and yeasts. Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon and Cladosporium species were prevalent in straw but not other feeds. Levels of certain individual fungi, particularly thermotolerant types, were higher in Bangladesh rice straw although overall counts were similar to those of the Indian samples. Mycotoxin analyses for aflatoxins, zearalenone and sterigmatocystin were carried out. Aflatoxins were detected in significant amounts in some feed samples from Eastern India but not in rice straw from India and Bangladesh. Zearalenone occurred in a Paspalum straw sample and three other feed samples from India and sterigmatocystin was detected in three rice straw samples from Bangladesh.

Key words

Mycotoxins fungi animal feeds spoilage Southern Asia 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah I. Phillips
    • 1
  • Peter W. Wareing
    • 1
  • Ambika Dutta
    • 1
  • Shantanu Panigrahi
    • 1
  • Victor Medlock
    • 1
  1. 1.Natural Resources InstituteChathamUK

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