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Mycopathologia

, Volume 82, Issue 1, pp 61–64 | Cite as

Allergenic fungi and actinomycetes in smoking materials and their health implications

  • V. P. Kurup
  • A. Resnick
  • S. L. Kagen
  • S. H. Cohen
  • J. N. Fink
Article

Abstract

Street marijuana, commercial cigarettes and pipe tobaccos were studied for the presence of fungi and actinomycetes associated with hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Aspergillus species and thermophilic actinomycetes were isolated from the smoking materials. In addition, Aspergillus fumigatus spores were isolated from marijuana smoke, indicating the potential hazard involved in developing serious disease. Precipitin antibodies against fungi, particularly Aspergillus, showed a higher prevalence in marijuana smokers, whereas only very few cigarette smokers and nonsmokers demonstrated antibodies to fungi. Cigarette smokers and nonsmokers showed more or less similar prevelance of antibodies against thermophilic actinomycetes.

Keywords

Smoke Cigarette Smoker Aspergillus Potential Hazard Aspergillus Fumigatus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. P. Kurup
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Resnick
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. L. Kagen
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. H. Cohen
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. N. Fink
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Research ServiceVeterans Administration Medical CenterWood (Milwaukee)USA
  2. 2.Allergy and Immunology Section, Department of MedicineThe Medical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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