, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 55–58 | Cite as

Production of trichothecene and non-trichothecene mycotoxins by Fusarium species isolated from maize in Minnesota

  • H. K. Abbas
  • C. J. Mirocha
  • T. Kommedahl
  • R. F. Vesonder
  • P. Golinski


Eighty-two cultures of Fusarium species isolated in 1986 from moldy maize in Minnesota were each cultured on rice for 4 weeks and found to produce the following mycotoxins: F. graminearum isolates, deoxynivalenol (DON, 4–225 μg/g), 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON, 2–4μg/g), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON, 1–35 μg/g) and zearalenone (ZEA, 5–4350 μg/g); F. moniliforme, fusarin C (detectable amounts to 1000 μg/g); F. mòniliforme, F. oxysporum, F. proliferatum and F. subglutinans isolates, moniliformin (15–6775 μg/g); F. moniliforme, F. proliferatum, and F. subglutinans isolates, fusaric acid (detectable amounts). Other mycotoxins screened for in each rice sample and not detected were T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin, neosolaniol, T-2 tetraol, nivalenol, fusarenon-X, scirpenols, alpha and beta trans-zearalenols, wortmannin, and fusarochromanone. The rat feeding bioassay indicated that other, unidentified toxins may be present.

Key words

mycotoxins Fusarium spp. trichothecenes maize deoxynivalenol 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol zearalenone moniliformin 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. K. Abbas
    • 1
  • C. J. Mirocha
    • 1
  • T. Kommedahl
    • 1
  • R. F. Vesonder
    • 2
  • P. Golinski
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research ServiceNorthern Research CenterPeoriaUSA
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryAgricultural University of PoznanPoznanPoland

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