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Mycopathologia

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 11–19 | Cite as

Immunosuppression in experimental cryptococcosis in rats: Modification of macrophage functions by T suppressor cells

Macrophages functions in cryptococcosis
  • Hector R. Rubinstein
  • Claudia E. Sotomayor
  • Laura A. Cervi
  • Clelia M. Riera
  • Diana T. Masih
Article

Abstract

The influence of lymphocytes on the modulation of macrophage functions in altered immune states induced by Cryptococcus neoformans infection in rats has been investigated. In this report we observed a decrease of ‘in vitro’ phagocytic activity by peritoneal cells (PC) from rats that received T suppressor cells induced by cryptococcal infection, against both the same microorganism that stimulated this suppressor population (p<0.05) and another non-pathogenic primary yeast (Candida tropicalis), (p<0.02). The microbicide function of the PC from these animals present a significant decrease in challenge by C. tropicalis (p<0.002) when compared with PC from animals transferred with T normal cells. The transference of T suppressor cells induced by cryptococcal infection in animals immunized with human serum albumin-complete Freund's adjuvant (HSA-CFA) produces a significant alteration of the phagocytosis to HSA-human red cells (HSA-HRC) when compared with the phagocytosis observed in animals that received T normal cells or the phagocytosis of normal animals (p<0.001). We could also observe that the DTH to HSA studied during 30 days was negative in rats transferred with PC sensitizated with HSA and treated with suppressor T cells, when compared with the DTH response of animals transferred with PC-HSA cocultured with normal cells (p<0.05 21st day). The data presented in this paper illustrated that following infection of rats with C. neoformans there is a change in some population of accessory cells behavior reflected by the modification of several functions, such as phagocytosis, lytic activity and antigen presentation.

Key words

Cryptococcus neoformans macrophages T suppressor cells phagocytosis antigen presentation 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hector R. Rubinstein
    • 1
  • Claudia E. Sotomayor
    • 1
  • Laura A. Cervi
    • 1
  • Clelia M. Riera
    • 1
  • Diana T. Masih
    • 1
  1. 1.Cátedra de Mícología e Inmunología. Departamento de Bioquimica Clínica. Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Nacional de CórdobaCórdobaArgentina

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