Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Zerumbone: a potential fungitoxic agent isolated from Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.


The rhizomes of Zingiber cassumunar exhibited strong fungitoxic action against Rhizoctonia solani, the damping-off pathogen. On chemical and spectral investigations, the antifungal compound was found to be zerumbone — a sesquiterpene. Its minimum effective dose against R. solani was 1000 ppm, much lower than some commercial fungicides. Zerumbone had fungistatic activity, a narrow fungitoxic spectrum and was not phytotoxic. Moreover, when used as a seed treatment, zerumbone could control damping-off disease of Phaseolus aureus caused by Rhizoctonia solani by 85.7%.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Fawcett CH, Spencer DM. Natural antifungal compounds. In Torgesson DC, eds, Fungicides — An advanced treatise, Vol. 2. New York/London: Academic Press, 1969: 637–660.

  2. 2.

    Tarr SAJ. Principles of plant pathology. London/Basingstoke: McMillan Press, 1972.

  3. 3.

    Fawcett CH, Spencer DM. Plant chemotheraphy with natural products. Ann Rev Phytopathology 1970: 8: 403–418.

  4. 4.

    Beye F. Insecticides from the vegetable kingdom. Plant Research and Development 1978; 7: 13–31.

  5. 5.

    Bocher OE. Antibiotics. In Peach K, Tracey MV, eds, Modern methods of plant analysis, Vol. 3. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1938: 651.

  6. 6.

    Grover RK, Moore JD. Toximetric studies of fungicides against brown rot organism — Sclerotina fructicola and S. laxa. Phytopathology 1962; 52: 876–880.

  7. 7.

    Thompson DP. Fungitoxic activity of essential oil component on food storage fungi. Mycologia 1989; 81(1): 151–153.

  8. 8.

    Dubey NK, Kishore N. Fungitoxicity of some higher plants and synergistic activity of their essential oils. Trop Sci 1987; 27: 23–27.

  9. 9.

    Kishore N, Dixit SN, Dubey NK. Fungitoxic studies with Chenopodium ambrosioides for control of damping-off in Phaseolus aureus (moong) caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Trop Sci 1989; 29: 171–176.

  10. 10.

    Kataria HR, Grover RK. Ann Appl Biol 1976; 82: 267–278.

  11. 11.

    Sukhdev. Studies in sesquiterpenes, 18. Tetrahedron 1960; 9: 1–9.

  12. 12.

    Corden ME, Diamond AE. The effect of growth regulatory substances on disease resistance and plant growth. Phytopathol 1959; 49: 69–72.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kishore, N., Dwivedi, R.S. Zerumbone: a potential fungitoxic agent isolated from Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.. Mycopathologia 120, 155–159 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00436393

Download citation

Key words

  • Fungitoxicity
  • zerumbone
  • Zingiber cassumunar