The rhizomes of Zingiber cassumunar exhibited strong fungitoxic action against Rhizoctonia solani, the damping-off pathogen. On chemical and spectral investigations, the antifungal compound was found to be zerumbone — a sesquiterpene. Its minimum effective dose against R. solani was 1000 ppm, much lower than some commercial fungicides. Zerumbone had fungistatic activity, a narrow fungitoxic spectrum and was not phytotoxic. Moreover, when used as a seed treatment, zerumbone could control damping-off disease of Phaseolus aureus caused by Rhizoctonia solani by 85.7%.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Fawcett CH, Spencer DM. Natural antifungal compounds. In Torgesson DC, eds, Fungicides — An advanced treatise, Vol. 2. New York/London: Academic Press, 1969: 637–660.
Tarr SAJ. Principles of plant pathology. London/Basingstoke: McMillan Press, 1972.
Fawcett CH, Spencer DM. Plant chemotheraphy with natural products. Ann Rev Phytopathology 1970: 8: 403–418.
Beye F. Insecticides from the vegetable kingdom. Plant Research and Development 1978; 7: 13–31.
Bocher OE. Antibiotics. In Peach K, Tracey MV, eds, Modern methods of plant analysis, Vol. 3. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1938: 651.
Grover RK, Moore JD. Toximetric studies of fungicides against brown rot organism — Sclerotina fructicola and S. laxa. Phytopathology 1962; 52: 876–880.
Thompson DP. Fungitoxic activity of essential oil component on food storage fungi. Mycologia 1989; 81(1): 151–153.
Dubey NK, Kishore N. Fungitoxicity of some higher plants and synergistic activity of their essential oils. Trop Sci 1987; 27: 23–27.
Kishore N, Dixit SN, Dubey NK. Fungitoxic studies with Chenopodium ambrosioides for control of damping-off in Phaseolus aureus (moong) caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Trop Sci 1989; 29: 171–176.
Kataria HR, Grover RK. Ann Appl Biol 1976; 82: 267–278.
Sukhdev. Studies in sesquiterpenes, 18. Tetrahedron 1960; 9: 1–9.
Corden ME, Diamond AE. The effect of growth regulatory substances on disease resistance and plant growth. Phytopathol 1959; 49: 69–72.
About this article
Cite this article
Kishore, N., Dwivedi, R.S. Zerumbone: a potential fungitoxic agent isolated from Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.. Mycopathologia 120, 155–159 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00436393
- Zingiber cassumunar