Quality of Life Research

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 153–159

Study protocol for the World Health Organization project to develop a Quality of Life assessment instrument (WHOQOL)

  • WHOQOL Group
Special Report

DOI: 10.1007/BF00435734

Cite this article as:
WHOQOL Group Qual Life Res (1993) 2: 153. doi:10.1007/BF00435734


The World Health Organization (WHO) has undertaken a project to develop an instrument (the WHOQOL) for measuring quality of life. Quality of life is defined as an individual's perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns. It is a broad ranging concept affected in a complex way by the person's physical health, psychological state, level of independence, social relationships, and their relationship to salient features of their environment.

The instrument will be developed in the framework of a collaborative project involving numerous centres in different cultural settings. In addition, it will have proven psychometric properties of validity, responsiveness and reliability and will be sensitive to the cultural setting in which it is applied, whilst maintaining comparability of scores across different cultural settings.

This paper outlines the characteristics of the planned instrument and the study protocol governing work on its development. To date steps 1 through 5 have been completed and work is progressing on step 6. It is anticipated that the instrument will be available for piloting in July 1993 and a final version available for use in June 1994.

Key words

WHO Quality of Life assessment instrument 


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Copyright information

© Rapid Communications of Oxford Ltd 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • WHOQOL Group
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Mental HealthWorld Health OrganizationGeneva 27Switzerland

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