Quality of Life Research

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 13–20 | Cite as

Quality of life is not negatively affected by diet and exercise intervention in healthy men with cardiovascular risk factors

  • M.-L. Hellénius
  • C. Dahlöf
  • H. Åberg
  • I. Krakau
  • U. de Faire
Research Papers


Health-related quality of life was assessed in a diet and exercise intervention study among 157 healthy men aged 35–60 years (mean ± s.d.; 46.2 ± 5.0) with moderately raised cardiovascular risk factors. The men were randomized to four groups, diet (D, n=40), exercise (E, n=39), diet plus exercise (DE, n=39), and no active intervention (controls (C) n=39). Quality of life was measured with two self-administered questionnaires; Subjective Symptoms Assessment Profile and Minor Symptom Evaluation Profile, at baseline and after 1.5, 3 and 6 months. Cardiovascular risk factors were investigated at baseline and after 6 months. As a result of changes in dietary habits and physical exercise in the three intervention groups, several important cardiovascular risk factors were significantly reduced. The quality of life/well-being did not differ between the four groups and did not change significantly in any of the groups during the study. There was, however, a tendency towards fewer gastrointestinal symptoms in group D and fewer cardiac symptoms in group DE. We conclude that advice on lifestyle changes in the form of diet and exercise reduce risk factors in middle-aged men without negative effects on their quality of life.

Key words

Diet exercise intervention quality of life 


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Copyright information

© Rapid Communications of Oxford Ltd 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.-L. Hellénius
    • 1
  • C. Dahlöf
    • 2
  • H. Åberg
    • 3
  • I. Krakau
    • 1
  • U. de Faire
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska InstituteCentre of General Medicine NVSOStockholmSweden
  2. 2.GLF Medical Research Center ABGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Family MedicineKarolinska InstituteHuddingeSweden
  4. 4.Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental MedicineKarolinska InstituteStockholmSweden

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