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Pathological pharyngo-esophageal interactions

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Because of their normally coordinated function and physical contiguity, the pharynx and esophagus are subject to pathologic interactions in various disease or iatrogenic states. A useful conceptualization of these pathologic interactions is that of abnormal bolus transport. Specific clinical examples are given in which abnormal pharyngo-esophageal interactions appear to result in abnormal bolus transport, with its attendant consequences.

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Correspondence to Benson T. Massey M.D..

Additional information

Supported in part by GCRC Grant RR00058-32S2

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Massey, B.T. Pathological pharyngo-esophageal interactions. Dysphagia 10, 232–234 (1995).

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Key words

  • Achalasia
  • Esophagus
  • Pharynx
  • Upper exophageal sphincter
  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Noncardiac chest pain
  • Belch
  • Reflux