DiGeorge syndrome in humans is charaterized by immunodeficiency, heart defects, mental retardation and facial dysmorphism; cytogenetic analysis has shown that deletions at 22q11 occur in approximately 25% of cases. To generate DNA markers from this region, we have microdissected and microcloned band q11 of human Chromosome (Chr) 22. Nineteen thousand clones were obtained from material dissected from 20 chromosome fragments. Seventeen of 61 clones analyzed (28%) were repetitive, 27 (44%) gave no signal, and 17 (28%) detected single copy sequences of which ten mapped to Chr 22. Two of these were found to be deleted in patients with DiGeorge syndrome and either monosomy for 22q11-pter or visible interstitial deletions of 22q11. These two markers are also hemizygous in patients with no visible chromosomal abnormality, demonstrating that submicroscopic deletions are common in DiGeorge syndrome patients.
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Carey, A.H., Claussen, U., Lüdecke, H. et al. Interstitial deletions in DiGeorge syndrome detected with microclones from 22q11. Mammalian Genome 3, 101–105 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00431253
- Mental Retardation
- Single Copy
- Human Chromosome
- Chromosomal Abnormality
- Cytogenetic Analysis