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Chronic lathyrism and atheromatosis in the rat

Study of the V.L.D.L. and plasma and arterial wall lipids

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Summary

Temporary chronic administration of Beta-amino-propionitrile (B.A.P.N.) produced morphological and biochemical changes of the aortic wall of rat as well as abnormalities of the plasma lipid levels.

A hyperlipidic diet resulted in the blood plasma lipid abnormalities as B.A.P.N. intoxication.

Nine weeks of B.A.P.N. followed by 42 weeks of a hyperlipidic diet increased the aortic cholesterol level and induced an atheroma.

The diet alone produced only an endothelial lipid overload.

The structure of arterial wall played the decisive role in atherogenesis.

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Supported by Centre National Recherche Scientifique — E.R.A. Nℴ 499.

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Bouissou, H., Thiers, J.C., Douste-Blazy, L. et al. Chronic lathyrism and atheromatosis in the rat. Virchows Arch. A Path. Anat. and Histol. 380, 107–117 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00430617

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Key words

  • Lathyrism
  • Atherogenic diet
  • Lipoproteins
  • Lipids
  • Aorta