Advertisement

Virchows Archiv A

, Volume 395, Issue 3, pp 237–243 | Cite as

Lesions characteristic of infection or malignant tumor in Paleo-Eskimo skulls

An anatomical and radiological study of two specimens
  • R. Lagier
  • C. A. Baud
  • G. Arnaud
  • S. Arnaud
  • R. Menk
Article

Summary

Study of two Paleo-Eskimo skulls found in a necropolis on St-Lawrence Island (Alaska), including radiography and histological examination, revealed the following features. One of the skulls showed a perforation with remodelled borders, considered to be due to trauma and secondary infection. The other showed areas of osteolysis characteristic of a malignant tumor (probably carcinomatous metastasis rather than myeloma).

These cases illustrate the advantage of using various methods of investigating bone pathology, particularly microradiography, in skeleton paleopathology.

Key words

Paleopathology Eskimos Frontal bone Osteomyelitis Bone carcinomatous metastases Myeloma 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anliker-Bosshard E (in press) Beiträge zur Archaeologie der St-Lorenz-Insel, Alaska. Teil II. Academica HelveticaGoogle Scholar
  2. Arnaud G et S, Baud CA, Lagier R (sous presse) Etude comparative d'os humains inhumés et immergés (en milieu marin ou lacustre). Approche histologique, chimique et cristallographique. In: Paleopathology Association, 3rd European Meeting. Caen 1980, pp 91–95Google Scholar
  3. Bang S, Baud CA, Boivin G, Demeurisse C, Gössi M, Tochon-Danguy HJ, Very JM (1978) Morphometric and biophysical study of bone tissue in industrial fluorosis. In: Courvoisier B, Donath A, Baud CA (eds) Fluoride and Bone. Second Symposium CEMO, Nyon 1977. Médecine et Hygiène, Genève, p 168Google Scholar
  4. Baud CA, Lagier R, Boivin G, Boillat MA (1978) Value of the bone biopsy in the diagnosis of industrial fluorosis. Virchows Arch [Pathol Anat] 380:283–297Google Scholar
  5. Baud CA, Morgenthaler PW (1956) Recherches sur le degré de minéralisation de l'os humain fossile par la méthode microradiographique. Arch Suisses Anthropol Gén 21:79–86Google Scholar
  6. Blumenkranz N, Asboe-Hansen G (1974) An automated procedure for quantitative determination of hydroxyproline. Clin Biochem 7:251–257Google Scholar
  7. Hackett CJ (1976) Diagnostic criteria of syphilis, yaws and treponarid (treponematoses) and of some other diseases in dry bones (for use in osteoarchaeology). S.-B. Heidelberger Akad Wiss Math.-nat. Kl 4 Abh: 351–470Google Scholar
  8. Jacquet J, Very JM, Flack HD (1980) The 2θ determination of diffraction peaks from “poor” powder samples. Application to biological apatite. J Appl Crystal 13:380–384Google Scholar
  9. Marchiafava V, Bonucci E, Ascenzi A (1974) Fungal osteoclasia: a model of dead bone resorption. Calcif Tissue Res 14:195–210Google Scholar
  10. McCann HG (1968) Determination of fluoride in mineralized tissues using the fluoride ion electrode. Arch Oral Biol 13:475–477Google Scholar
  11. Menk R (in preparation) Beiträge zur Anthropologie der St-Lorenz-Insel, Alaska. Academica HelveticaGoogle Scholar
  12. Morgenthaler PW, Baud CA (1956–1957) Sur une cause d'altération des structures dans l'os humain fossile. Bull Soc Suisse Anthropol Ethnol 33:9–10Google Scholar
  13. Stewart TD (1979) Patterning of skeletal pathologies and epidemiology. In: Laughlin WS, Harper AB (eds) The first americans: origins, affinities, and adaptations. Gustav Fischer, New York, Stuttgart, p 257Google Scholar
  14. Stewart TD, Quade LG (1969) Lesions of the frontal bone in American Indians. Am J Phys Anthropol 30:89–110Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Lagier
    • 1
  • C. A. Baud
    • 2
  • G. Arnaud
  • S. Arnaud
    • 3
  • R. Menk
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculté de MédecineDépartement de Pathologie (Unité Ostéoarticulaire)GenèveSwitzerland
  2. 2.Faculté de MédecineInstitut de MorphologieGenèveSwitzerland
  3. 3.Laboratoire de conservation, restauration et recherchesCentre de Recherches Archéologiques CNRSDraguignanFrance
  4. 4.Faculté des SciencesDépartement d'AnthropologieGenèveSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations