Glutamicin CBII, a bacteriocin-like substance produced by
Corynebacterium glutamicum CBII, in the stationary phase of growth, was found to produce spontaneously a substance resembling bacteriocins by its bactericidal properties. This substance designated glutamicin CBII was observed to exhibit bactericidal activity against coryneform bacteria (12 species tested) but not against unrelated gram-positive (3) and gram-negative (3) bacteria, while its action on bacteria with no quite known relatedness to the coryneform group (14) was found to be variable. Glutamicin CBII was partially purified by precipitation with ammonium sulphate (70% saturation), selective heat precipitation and gel chromatography on Sepadex G-50. The antibacterial substance diffused through cellophane membrane with an approximate cut-off of 10000 dalton and its sedimentation coefficient was determined to be 1.1. S by ultracentrifugation. Heating at 100°C for 30 min had no effect on its activity. Glutamicin CBII was proved to be resistant to chloroform, trypsin, chymotrypsin, pronase, and subtilisin. According to its staining behaviour and 1H NMR spectra it probably represents a glycoprotein containing only a minor protein component.
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