Cultures of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and Thiobacillus thiooxidans, used in biohydrometallurgical processes of economic importance, are very difficult to preserve by conventional methods. Hence, to preserve the cultures with their activity intact, various techniques were tried, after determining their respective activity in terms of Iron Oxidation Rate (IOR) and Sulfur Oxidation Rate (SOR). Among the methods tested, along with the recommended method of serial transfer in a liquid medium, were methods such as lyophilization, storage in a liquid nitrogen and mixing with sterile, inert carriers like lignite or chalcopyrite ores. After a period check-up at 4 months and 8 months storage, it was found that out of these methods, mixing with sterile ore followed by storage at 8°C, kept both types of activities intact. The temperature of storage was observed to have a definite effect on activity, in that when the preserved cultures were stored at 8°C, the activity was retained, whereas at 28–30°C (RT) storage, the activity of all the cultures preserved by various techniques, dropped significantly.
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Gupta, S.G., Agate, A.D. Preservation of Thiobacillus ferroxidans and Thiobacillus thiooxidans with activity check. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 52, 121–127 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00429315
- Anthranilic Acid
- Serial Transfer
- Inert Carrier
- Preserve Culture
- Agate Table