Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Effect of salinity on hemolymph calcium concentration during the molt cycle of the prawn Penaeus monodon

  • 82 Accesses

  • 12 Citations

Abstract

Prawns (Penaeus monodon) were obtained from ponds in Iloilo, Philippines, in 1984 and 1985 and maintained in salinities from 8 to 44‰. Total hemolymph calcium was largely affected by molt stage and less so by salinity. A sharp, transient increase in hemolymph calcium occurred 3 to 6 h postmolt, followed by an equally rapid decrease from 6 h postmolt to intermolt. This biphasis response was limited to prawns in 8, 20 and 32‰S; in 44‰S, hemolymph calcium remained the same throughout the sampling period. Peak concentrations of total calcium were greater in low (8 and 20‰S) than in high salinities. Salinity had no effect on the duration of molt cycle nor on time of occurrence of molt. Almost half of molting incidents occurred between 18.01 and 0.00 hrs, and one-third between 0.01 and 06.00 hrs.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature cited

  1. Apud, F., Primavera, J., Torres, P. (1983). Farming of prawns and shrimps. Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Iloilo, Philippines (Extension Manual No. 5)

  2. Bittner, G. D., Kopanda, R. (1973). Factors influencing molting in the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. J. exp. Zool. 186: 7–16

  3. Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI) (1977). Revised notes on the methodology for culture of Penaeus monodon. CIFRI, Barrackpore, India, p. 1–17. (Contrib. No. 10)

  4. Charmantier, G., Thuet, P., Charmantier-Daures, M. (1984). La regulation osmotique et ionique chez Homarus gammarus (L.) (Crustacea: Decapoda). J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 76: 191–199

  5. Dall, W. (1965). Studies on the physiology of a shrimp: Metapenaeus sp. V. Calcium metabolism. Aust. J. mar. Freshwat. Res. 16: 181–203

  6. Ferraris, R. P., Parado-Estepa, F. D., de Jesus, E. G., Ladja, J. M. (1987). Osmotic and chloride regulation in the hemolymph of the tiger prawn Penaeus monodon during molting in various salinities. Mar. Biol. 95: 377–386

  7. Ferraris, R. P., Parado-Estepa, F. D., Ladja, J. M., de Jesus, E. G. (1986). Effect of salinity on the osmotic, chloride, total protein and calcium concentrations in the hemolymph of the prawn Penaeus monodon (Fabricius). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 83A: 701–708

  8. Fieber, L. A., Lutz, P. L. (1985). Magnesium and calcium metabolism during molting in the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Can. J. Zool. 63: 1120–1124

  9. Graf, F. (1978). Les sources de calcium pour les crustaces venant de muer. Archs Zool. exp. gén. 119: 143–161

  10. Greenaway, P. (1974). Calcium balance at the premolt stage of the freshwater crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes (Lereboullet). J. exp. Biol. 61: 27–43

  11. Greenaway, P. (1983). Uptake of calcium at the postmolt stage by the marine crabs Callinectes sapidus and Carcinus maenas. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 75A: 181–184

  12. Haefner, P. A. (1964). Hemolymph calcium fluctuations as related to environmental salinity during ecdysis of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun. Physiol. Zoöl. 37: 247–258

  13. Hagerman, L. (1973). Ionic regulation in relation to the moult cycle of Crangon vulgaris (Fabr.) (Crustacea, Natantia) from brackishwater. Ophelia 12: 141–149

  14. Hartley, H. O. (1961). The modified Gauss-Newton method for the fitting of non-linear regression functions by least squares. Technometrics 3: 269–280

  15. Hartnoll, R. G. (1978). The effect of salinity and temperature on the postlarval growth of the crab Rithropanopeus harrissii. In: McClusky, D. S., Berry, A. J. (eds.) Physiology and behaviour of marine organisms. Pergamon Press. Oxford, p. 349–358

  16. Henry, R. O., Kormanik, G. A. (1985). Carbonic anhydrase activity and calcium deposition during the molt cycle of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus. J. Crustacean Biol. 5: 234–241

  17. Huner, J. V., Colvin, L. B., Reid, B. L. (1979). Whole-body calcium, magnesium and phosphorus levels of the california brown shrimp, Penaeus californiensis (Decapoda: Penaeidae) as functions of molt stage. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 64A: 33–36

  18. Ling, S. W., Merican, A. B. O. (1961). Notes on the life cycle and habits of the adult and larval stages of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man). Proc. Indo-Pacific. Fish. Coun. 9: 55–61

  19. Mantel, L., Farmer, L. (1983). Osmotic and ionic regulation. In: Bliss, D. E. (ed.) The biology of Crustacea. Vol. 5. Academic Press, New York, p. 53–161

  20. McFarland, W., Lee, B. (1963). Osmotic and ionic concentrations of penaeidean shrimps of the Texas coast. Bull. mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb. 13: 391–417

  21. Parado-Estepa, F. D., Ferraris, R. P., Ladja, J. M., de Jesus, E. G. (1987). Responses of intermolt Penaeus indicus to large fluctuations in environmental salinity. Aquaculture, Amsterdam 64: 175–184

  22. Price-Sheets, W. C., Dendinger, J. E. (1983). Calcium deposition into the cuticle of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus related to external salinity. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 74A: 903–907

  23. Robertson, J. D. (1960). Osmotic and ionic regulation. In: Waterman, T. H. (ed.) Crustacean physiology. Academic Press, New York, p. 317–339

  24. Tagatz, M. E. (1968). Growth of the juvenile blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun in the St. John River, Florida. Fish. Bull. U.S. 67: 281–288

  25. Travis, D. F. (1955). The molting cycle of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus Latreille. III. Physiological changes which occur in the blood and urine during the normal molting cycle. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 109: 484–503

  26. Vernet-Cornubert, G. (1964). Comparaison entre les effets provoqués par l'epedonculation et par la regeneration intensive sur la mue et la croissance chez Pachygrapsus marmoratus (Fabricius). Bull. Inst. océanogr. Monaco 61: 1–20

  27. Wright, D. A. (1979). Calcium regulation in intermolt Gammarus plexus. J. exp. Biol. 83: 131–144

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to R. P. Ferraris.

Additional information

Communicated by J.M. Lawrence, Tampa

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Parado-Estepa, F.D., Ladja, J.M., de Jesus, E.G. et al. Effect of salinity on hemolymph calcium concentration during the molt cycle of the prawn Penaeus monodon . Mar. Biol. 102, 189–193 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00428279

Download citation

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Peak Concentration
  • Sampling Period
  • Calcium Concentration
  • High Salinity