Profile of acute tolerance to three sedative anxiolytics
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Acute tolerance, defined as a decreasing drug effect relative to drug-plasma levels (DPL) over a period of minutes to a few hours, is pronounced following single doses of diazepam or pentobarbital. Both of these lipid-soluble drugs produce an early peak behavioral impairment and subsequent rapid recovery component that is followed by a much slower blood-drug rise time. These pronounced early peak effects were not shared by alcohol, and contribute significantly to the lack of correlation between impairment and DPL.
Key wordsAcute tolerance Peak impairment Sedative anxiolytics Plasma concentration
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