Marine Biology

, Volume 96, Issue 2, pp 225–234 | Cite as

Growth, stomach contents and parasites in a tidepool population of the hippolytid shrimp Heptacarpus futilirostris, with reference to reproduction



The biology of the hippolytid shrimp Heptacarpus futilirostris (Bate) was studied in a tidepool at Kominato, central Japan from January 1983 to June 1984. In males, the relative growth ratio between the third maxilliped length and body length revealed a turning point at approximately 15 mm in body length. Population recruitment was presumed to continue from April to December. The range of body length did not increase from July to October, and thereafter increased rapidly in both sexes up to a maximum range, i.e. from 6 to 29 mm in January. The wide range was presumably due to the simultaneous occurrence of rapid growth with population recruitment. The growth rates of size groups above and below 15 mm were different in the males observed in January. Large males disappeared, probably due to death, and small males participated in reproduction after July. The growth rate increased from late autumn to spring and decreased from summer to early autumn, and was influenced by relative food abundance, especially seaweeds. Two parasitic isopods were identified: Bopyrinella antilensis nipponica in the branchial cavity, and Epiphryxus sp. on the abdomen. It is suggested that parasites have more influence on maturity than on growth. Ovigerous females were found from January to October, with the breeding season peak between April and June. The relationship between female body length (L) and clutch size (N) was expressed by the regression equation: N=5.11 L1.6347 (r=0.57). This species is identified as a multiple breeder. The relatively large number of larvae presumably compensates for the low larval survival rate.


Body Length Stomach Content Clutch Size Ovigerous Female Caridean Shrimp 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Allen, J. A.: Observations on Spirontocaris from Northumberland waters. Crustaceana 3, 227–238 (1962)Google Scholar
  2. Allen, J. A.: Observation on the biology of Pandalina brevirostris (Decapoda; Crustacea). J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 45, 291–304 (1965)Google Scholar
  3. Allen, J. A.: Notes on the relationship of the bopyrid parasite Hemiarthrus abdominalis (Krøyer) with its host. Crustaceana 10, 1–6 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bauer, R. T.: Mating behaviour and spermatophore transfer in the shrimp Heptacarpus pictus (Stimpson) (Decapoda: Caridea: Hippolytidae). J. nat. Hist. 10, 415–440 (1976)Google Scholar
  5. Berglund, A.: Coexistence, size overlap and population regulation in tidal vs. non-tidal Palaemon prawns. Oecologia (Berl.) 54, 1–7 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Berglund, A. and J. Bengtsson: Biotic and abiotic factors determining the distribution of two prawn species: Palaemon adspersus and P. squilla. Oecologia (Berl.) 49, 300–304 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bourdon, R.: Les Bopyridae des mers Europeenes. Mem. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris Ser. A, Tome L, Fasc. 2, 77–424 (1968)Google Scholar
  8. Cassie, R. M.: Some uses of probability paper in the analysis of size frequency distributions. Aust. J. mar. freshwat. Res. 5, 513–522 (1954)Google Scholar
  9. Ganning, B.: Studies on chemical, physical and biological conditions in Swedish rockpool ecosystems. Ophelia 9, 51–105 (1971)Google Scholar
  10. Hayshi, K-I: Studies on hippolytid shrimps from Japan VII. The genus Heptacarpus Holmes. J. Shimonoseki Univ. Fish. 28, 11–32 (1979)Google Scholar
  11. Hayashi, K-I. and S. Miyake: Studies on the hippolytid shrimps from Japan V. Hippolytid fauna of the sea around the Amakusa Marine Biological Laboratory. OHMU 1, 121–163 (1968)Google Scholar
  12. Imanaka, T., Y. Sasada, H. Segawa and T. Masuda: Crustacean decapod fauna in Kominato and adjacent waters middle Honshu; a provisional list. J. Tokyo Univ. Fish. 71, 45–74 (1984)Google Scholar
  13. Kikuchi, T.: An ecological study on animal community of Zostera belt, in Tomioka Bay, Amakusa, Kyushu (II). Community composition (2) Decapod Crustaceans. Res. Oceanogr. Wks. Japan (Special No) 6, 135–146 (1962)Google Scholar
  14. King, M. G. and A. J. Butler: Relationship of life-history patterns to depth in deep water caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Natantia). Mar. Biol. 86, 129–138 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Konno, T., S. Izumi and S. Takeuchi: Effects of wave action on the zonation of sublittoral large algae. (In Japanese with an Inglish summary). J. Tokyo Univ. Fish. 72, 85–97 (1985)Google Scholar
  16. Kurata, H.: Studies on the age and growth of Crustacea. Bull. Hokkaido Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 24, 1–115 (1962)Google Scholar
  17. Kurata, H.: Ecology of shrimps on eel grass bed I. Spirontocaris propugnatrix. (In Japanese with an English summary). Bull. Hokkaido Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 26, 81–85 (1963)Google Scholar
  18. Kurata, H.: Larvae of Decapoda Macrura of Arasaki Sagami Bay II. Heptacarpus futilirostris (Bate) (Hippolytidae). (In Japanese with an English summary). Bull. Tokai Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 55, 253–258 (1968)Google Scholar
  19. Lysenko, V. N.: Biology of shrimp Heptacarpus camtschaticus in Melkovodnaya Bay (Sea of Japan). Biol. Morya 15–19 (1983)Google Scholar
  20. Lysenko, V. N.: Growth, reproduction and production of five species of shrimps in an eel-grass community of Melkovodnaya Bay (Sea of Japan). Biol. Morya 4, 28–37 (1985)Google Scholar
  21. Miyake, S. and K-I. Hayashi: Studies on the hippolytid shrimps from Japan, I. Revision of the Japanese species of the genus Eualus, with description of two new species. J. Fac. Agric. Kyushu Univ. 14, 247–265 (1967)Google Scholar
  22. Miyake, S. and K-I. Hayashi: Studies on the hippolytid shrimps Japan, IV. Two allied species, Heptacarpus rectirostris (Stimpson) and H. futilirostris (Bate), from Japan. J. Fac. Agric. Kyushu Univ. 14, 433–447 (1968)Google Scholar
  23. Mukai, H.: The phytal animals on the thalli of Sargassum serratifolium in the Sargassum region, with reference to their seasonal fluctuations. Mar. Biol. 8, 170–182 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nishino, M.: Geographical variations in body size, brood size and egg size of a freshwater shrimp, Palaemon paucidens De Haan, with some discussion on brood habit. Jap. J. Limnol., 41, 185–202 (1980)Google Scholar
  25. Oya, F. and K. Oka: Growth and breeding ecology of the hippolytid shrimp Eualus sinensis (Yu). Zool. Sci. 2, 257–263 (1985)Google Scholar
  26. Pike, R. B.: Notes on the growth and biology of the prawn Spirontocaris lilljeborgii (Danielssen). J. mar. biol. Ass., U.K. 33, 739–747 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sakamoto, K.: On a collection of tide-pool fishes from Prov. Boshu, with a description of one new species. J. imp. Fish. Inst. 27, 1–13 (1932)Google Scholar
  28. Shiino, S. M.: Bopyrids from Tanabe Bay II. Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto imp. Univ., Ser. B 9, 257–287 (1934)Google Scholar
  29. Smaldon, G.: Hippolyte longirostris (Czerniavsky, 1868) (Caridea, Hippolytidae) off the Cornish coast. Crustaceana 29, 314–315 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Smaldon, G.: British coastal shrimps and prawns, pp 1–126. London: Academic Press 1979Google Scholar
  31. Takeda, F.: Studies on breeding in caridean shrimps. (In Japanese) Bull. Fish. exp. Stn. Hyogo-ken, Spec. Rep. 1, 1–30 (1970)Google Scholar
  32. Truchot, J. P. and F. L. Duhamel-Jouve: Oxygen and carbon dioxide in the marine intertidal environment: diurnal and tidal changes in rockpools. Respir. Physiol. 39, 241–254 (1980)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Van Wormhoudt, A. and J. H. Ceccaldi: Influence de la qualite de la lumiere en elevage intensif de Palaemon serratus Pennat. In: 10th Eur. Symp. Mar. Biol. Ed. by G. Persoone and E. Jaspers. Mariculture 1, 505–521 (1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Oya
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Biological Research Institute of Japan, Co. LtdShinagawa-ku, TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations