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Marijuana effects on long-term memory assessment and retrieval

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Abstract

The ability of 16 college-educated male subjects to recall from long-term memory a series of common facts was tested during intoxication with marijuana extract calibrated to 0.3 mg/kg·delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and during placebo conditions. The subjects' ability to assess their memory capabilities was then determined by measuring how certain they were about the accuracy of their recall performance and by having them predict their performance on a subsequent recognition test involving the same recall items. Marijuana had no effect on recall or recognition performance. These results do not support the view that marijuana provides access to facts in long-term storage which are inaccessible during non-intoxication. During both marijuana and placebo conditions, subjects could accurately predict their recognition memory performance. Hence, marijuana did not alter the subjects' ability to accurately assess what information resides in long-term memory even though they did not have complete access to that information.

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References

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Correspondence to J. R. Tinklenberg.

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Darley, C.F., Tinklenberg, J.R., Roth, W.T. et al. Marijuana effects on long-term memory assessment and retrieval. Psychopharmacology 52, 239–241 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00426706

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Key words

  • Marijuana
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol
  • Memory
  • Memory assessment
  • Recall memory
  • Recognition Memory