Archiv für Mikrobiologie

, Volume 88, Issue 2, pp 153–161 | Cite as

On the nature of bristles in Scenedesmus

  • Elena Marčenko


The existence of bristles, the hair-like appendages in several species of the genus Scenedesmus has been confirmed.

The ultrastructure of bristles in Scenedesmus helveticus Arlet, Sc. acutus Meyen and Sc. acuminatus/Lagerh./Chodat has been studied by negative staining. While bristles of Sc. helveticus are composed of several microstrands with a regular pattern of cross-striation, the bristles of spineless species Sc. aculus and Sc. acuminatus seem to be composed only of individual microstrands.

These investigations of bristles suggest their protein composition.


Scenedesmus Protein Composition Regular Pattern Negative Staining 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bisalputra, T., Risley, E. B., Engelbrecht, A. H.: The pectic layer of the cell wall of Scenedesmus quadricauda. Amer. J. Bot. 51, 548–551 (1964).Google Scholar
  2. Bisalputra, T., Weier, T. E.: The cell wall of Scenedesmus quadricauda. Amer. J. Bot. 50, 1011–1019 (1963).Google Scholar
  3. Bouck, G. B.: Extracellular microtubules. The origin, structure, and attachment of flagellar hairs in Fucus and Ascophyllum antherozoids. J. Cell Biol. 40, 446–460 (1969).Google Scholar
  4. Brown, R. M., Jr., Franke, W. W., Kleinig, H., Falk, H., Sitte, P.: Scale formation in Chrysophycean algae. I. Cellulosic and non-cellulosic wall components made by the Golgi apparatus. J. Cell Biol. 45, 246–271 (1970).Google Scholar
  5. Burczyk, J., Grzybek, H., Banás, J., Banás, E.: Presence of cellulase in the alga Scenedesmus. Exp. Cell Res. 63, 451–453 (1970).Google Scholar
  6. Burg, A., Trainor, F. R.: Scenedesmus wall ornamentation. II. Insertion of bristles. J. Phycol. 3, 53–54 (1967).Google Scholar
  7. Dodge, J. D.: The algae. In: Electron microscopy and plant ultrastructure, ed. A. W. Robards, pp. 183–205. New York-Toronto-London: McGraw Hill 1970.Google Scholar
  8. Franke, W. W., Ermen, B.: Negative staining of plant slime cellulose: an examination of the elementary fibril concept. Z. Naturforsch. 24b, 918–922 (1969).Google Scholar
  9. Franke, W. W., Falk, H.: Enzymatisch isolierte Cellulose-Fibrillen der Valonia-Zellwand. Z. Naturforsch. 23b, 272–274 (1968).Google Scholar
  10. Gerlach, D.: Botanische Mikrotechnik. Stuttgart: Thieme 1969.Google Scholar
  11. Heyn, A. A. J.: The microcrystalline structure of cellulose in cell walls of cotton, ramie and jute fibers as revealed by negative staining of sections. J. Cell Biol. 29, 181–197 (1966).Google Scholar
  12. Higham, M. T., Bisalputra, T.: A further note on the surface structure of Scenedesmus coenobium. Canad. J. Bot. 48, 1839–1841 (1970).Google Scholar
  13. Komárek, J.: The ultrastructure of the cell walls in the genus Scenedesmus. Ann. Report Lab. Algol. Třeboň 1970, 29–34.Google Scholar
  14. Komárek, J., Ludvik, J.: Die Zellwandstruktur als taxonomisches Merkmal in der Gattung Scenedesmus. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 39, Algol. Studies 5, 301–333 (1971).Google Scholar
  15. Kramer, D.: Fine structure of growing cellulose fibrils of Ochromonas malhamensis Pringsheim (syn. Poteriomonas stipitata Scherffel). Z. Naturforsch. 25b, 1017–1020 (1970).Google Scholar
  16. Kushner, D. J.: Self-assembly of biological structures. Bact. Rev. 33, 302–345 (1969).Google Scholar
  17. Manley, R. St. J.: Fine structure of native cellulose microfibrils. Nature (Lond.) 204, 1155–1157 (1964).Google Scholar
  18. Marčenko, E.: Variability of spine shape and of coenobia formation in a strain of Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turpin) Brébisson. Acta bot. croat. 28, 233–237 (1969).Google Scholar
  19. Mazia, D., Brewer, Ph. A., Alfert, M.: The cytochemical staining and measurement of protein with mercuric bromophenol blue. Biol. Bull. 139, 57–67 (1953).Google Scholar
  20. Nieduszynski, I., Preston, R. D.: Structure of microfibrils. Nature (Lond.) 225, 273–274 (1970).Google Scholar
  21. Ohad, J., Danon, J.: On the dimensions of cellulose microfibrils. J. Cell Biol. 22, 302–305 (1964).Google Scholar
  22. Pelczar, M. J., Jr.: Manual of microbiological methods. New York-Toronto-London: McGraw Hill 1957.Google Scholar
  23. Pettersen, J.: On tufts of bristles in Pediastrum and Scenedesmus. Bot. Tidsskr. 31, 161–176 (1912); cit. Trainor and Burg (1965).Google Scholar
  24. Preston, R. D.: Plants without cellulose (marine algae). Sci. Amer. 218, 102–108 (1968).Google Scholar
  25. Ringo, D. L.: The arrangement of subunits in flagellar fibers. J. Ultrastruct. Res. 17, 266–277 (1967).Google Scholar
  26. Romeis, B.: Mikroskopische Technik, 16. Aufl. München: Oldenbourg 1968.Google Scholar
  27. Ruthmann, A.: Methoden der Zellforschung. Stuttgart: Kosmos 1966.Google Scholar
  28. Schnepf, E.: Struktur der Zellwände und Cellulosefibrillen bei Glaucocystis. Planta (Berl.) 67, 213–224 (1965).Google Scholar
  29. Schnepf, E., Kramer, D.: Zur Morphogenese der Hüllen von Ochromonas malhamensis. Naturwissenschaften 56, 422–423 (1969).Google Scholar
  30. Trainor, F. R.: Scenedesmus wall ornamentation. I. Scenedesmus parisiensis cultures. J. Phycol. 2, 85–89 (1966).Google Scholar
  31. Trainor, F. R., Burg, C. A.: Detection of bristles in Scenedesmus species. J. Phycol. 1, 139–144 (1965).Google Scholar
  32. Trainor, F. R., Massalski, A.: Ultrastructure of Scenedesmus strain 614 bristles. Canad. J. Bot. 49, 1273–1276 (1971).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Marčenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentRuđer Bošković InstituteZagrebYugoslavia

Personalised recommendations