Advertisement

The occurrence of brown adipose tissue in outdoor workers

  • Pirkko Huttunen
  • J. Hirvonen
  • V. Kinnula
Article

Summary

Histochemical reactions and activities of mitochondrial enzymes in adipose tissue around the neck arteries and in pericardium were studied in men who had been outdoor workers in northern Finland. The purpose was to study the occurrence of brown fat in workers having been exposed to cool or cold ambient temperature. Indoor workers of the same age were used as controls.

Histochemically, no mitochondrial enzyme reactions were seen in the adipose tissues taken from the indoor workers, whereas some outdoor workers had some multilocular adipose tissue, mostly around the neck arteries. Biochemical parameters also showed increased enzyme activities of aerobic energy metabolism in the adipose tissue of these people.

The present results suggest that working in the cold can retain brown adipose tissue in “strategic” places in human adults.

Key words

Cold-exposure Mitochondrial enzymes of adipose tissue Human adults 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aherne W, Hull D (1964) The site of heat production in the newborn infant. Proc R Soc Med 57: 1172–1173Google Scholar
  2. Barka T, Anderson PJ (1965) Oxidative enzymes. In: Barka T, Anderson PJ (eds) Histochemistry. Hoeber Medical Division, New York Evanston London, pp 296–333Google Scholar
  3. Brück K (1961) Temperature regulation in the newborn infant. Biol Neonat 3: 65–119Google Scholar
  4. Brück K (1976) Cold adaptation in man. In: Janski L, Musacchia XJ (eds) Regulation of depressed metabolism and thermogenesis. Thomas, Springfield, pp 42–63Google Scholar
  5. Bukowiecki L, Himms-Hagen J (1976) Alteration of mitochondrial protein metabolism in liver, brown adipose tissue and skeletal muscle during cold-acclimation. Biochem Biophys Acta 428: 591–599Google Scholar
  6. Davis TRA (1961) Chamber cold acclimatization in man. J Appl Physiol 16: 1011–1015Google Scholar
  7. Doi K, Ohno T, Kurahashi M, Kuroshima A (1979) Thermoregulatory nonshivering thermogenesis in man, with special reference to lipid metabolism. Jpn J Physiol 29: 359–372Google Scholar
  8. Fawcett DW (1952) A comparison of the histological organization and cytochemical reactions of brown and white adipose tissue. J Morphol 90: 363–405Google Scholar
  9. Foster DO, Frydman ML (1978) Nonshivering thermogenesis in the rat. II Measurements of blood flow with microspheres point to brown adipose tissue as the dominant site of the calorigenesis induced by noradrenaline. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 56: 110–122Google Scholar
  10. Hassi J (1977) The brown adipose tissue in man. Structural and functional aspects in relation to age. Acta Univ Ouluensis [D] 21: 1–92Google Scholar
  11. Hirvonen J, Weaver D, Williams DD (1973) Morphological and enzymehistochemical changes in the interscapular adipose tissue of adult guinea-pigs during prolonged exposure to cold. Experientia 26: 1566–1570Google Scholar
  12. Huttunen P, Kinnula V (1979) Effects of catecholamine treatment as well as cold exposure on mitochondrial enzyme activities of the adipose tissue in a guinea-pig (Cavia porcellus). Comp Biochem Physiol 63: 13–16Google Scholar
  13. Itoh S (1974) Physiology of cold-adapted man. Hokkaido University, School of Medicine, SapporoGoogle Scholar
  14. Joy RJT (1963) Responses of cold-acclimated men to infused norepinephrine. J Appl Physiol 18: 1209–1212Google Scholar
  15. King TE (1967) Preparation of succinate dehydrogenase and reconstriction of succinate oxidase. Meth Enzym 10: 322–331Google Scholar
  16. Kimura T, Hauter J, Singer TP (1967) Studies on succinate dehydrogenase. XIII. Reversible activation of the mammalian enzyme. J Biol Chem 242: 4987–4993Google Scholar
  17. LeBlanc J (1975) Adaptation. In: LeBlanc J (ed) Man in the cold. Thomas, Springfield, pp 90–145Google Scholar
  18. Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ (1951) Protein measurement with the Folin-Phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 193: 265–275Google Scholar
  19. Menschik Z (1953) Histochemical comparison of brown and white adipose tissue in guinea-pigs. Anat Rec 116: 439–455Google Scholar
  20. Yonetani R, Ray GS (1965) Studies on cytochrome oxidase. VI. Kinetics of the aerobic oxidation of ferrocytochrome c by cytochrome oxidase. J Biol Chem 240: 3392–3398Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pirkko Huttunen
    • 1
  • J. Hirvonen
    • 1
  • V. Kinnula
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Forensic Medicine and PhysiologyUniversity of OuluOulu 22Finland

Personalised recommendations