Advertisement

Marine Biology

, Volume 57, Issue 1, pp 35–39 | Cite as

Advanced age for sexual maturity in the ocean quahog Arctica islandica (Mollusca: Bivalvia)

  • I. Thompson
  • D. S. Jones
  • J. W. Ropes
Article

Abstract

A study of gonadal state in 39 small specimens of Arctica islandica Linné collected in April 1976 from the Middle Atlantic shelf of North America suggests that sexual maturity is reached at a later age than has been reported for other shelf bivalves. Eight of the specimens had gonads in the undifferentiated state. On the basis of annual internal growth banding in the shells of these immature specimens, age ranged between 4 and 14 years. Average age was 9.38 years (standard deviation, s,= 3.54). Shell length ranged from 24 to 47 mm (average 38.85 mm, s=9.25). Differentiated gonads were found in specimens as young as 6 years. Age of maturity shows a wide range and may be dependent upon growth rate and locality.

Keywords

Standard Deviation Growth Rate North America Bivalve Sexual Maturity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Altman, P. L. and D. S. Dittmer (Eds.): Biology data book, Vol. 1. 606 pp. Bethesda, Maryland: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 1972Google Scholar
  2. Barker, A. M. and A. S. Merrill: Total solids and length-weight relation of the surf clam, Spisula solidissima. Proc. natn. Shellfish. Ass. 57, 90–94 (1967)Google Scholar
  3. Brown, F. A., Jr. (Ed.): Selected invertebrate types, 597 pp. New York: John Wiley 1950Google Scholar
  4. Coe, W. R.: Sexual phases in wood-boring mollusks. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 81, 168–176 (1941)Google Scholar
  5. Coe, W. R. and H. J. Turner, Jr.: Development of the gonads and gametes in the soft-shell clam (Mya arenaria). J. Morph. 62, 91–111 (1938)Google Scholar
  6. Fairbridge, W. S.: A population study of the Tasmanian “commercial” scallop, Notovola meridionalis (Tate). Aust. J. mar. Freshwat. Res. 4, 1–41 (1953)Google Scholar
  7. Galtsoff, P. S.: The American oyster. Circ. Fish Wildl. Serv., Wash. 64, 1–480 (1964)Google Scholar
  8. Giese, A. C.: Comparative physiology: annual reproductive cycles of marine invertebrates. A. Rev. Physiol. 21, 547–576 (1959)Google Scholar
  9. Hickling, C. F.: Seasonal changes in the ovary of the immature hake. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 20, 443–461 (1935)Google Scholar
  10. Jones, D. S.: Annual cycle of reproduction and shell growth in the bivalves, Spisula solidissima and Arctica islandica, 248 pp. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences, Princeton University 1980Google Scholar
  11. Jones, D. S., I. Thompson and W. G. Ambrose: Age and growth rate determinations for the Atlantic surf clam Spisula solidissima (Bivalvia: Mactracea), based on internal growth lines in shell cross-sections. Mar. Biol. 47, 63–70 (1978)Google Scholar
  12. Kummel, B. and D. Raup (Eds.): Handbook of paleontological techniques, 852 pp. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman 1965Google Scholar
  13. Loosanoff, V. L.: Development of the primary gonad and sexual phases in Venus mercenaria (L.). Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 72, 389–405 (1937)Google Scholar
  14. Loosanoff, V. L.: Reproductive cycle in Cyprina islandica. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 104, 146–155 (1953)Google Scholar
  15. Mason, J.: The age and growth of the scallop, Pecten maximus (L.) in Manx waters. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 36, 473–492 (1957)Google Scholar
  16. Naidu, K. S.: Reproduction and breeding cycle of the giant scallop Placopecten magellanicus (Gmelin) in Port au Port Bay, Newfoundland. Can. J. Zool. 48, 1003–1012 (1970)Google Scholar
  17. Oertzen, J.-A. von: Cycles and rates of reproduction of six Baltic Sea bivalves of different zoogeographical origin. Mar. Biol. 14, 143–149 (1972)Google Scholar
  18. Ropes, J.: Reproductive cycle of the surf clam, Spisula solidissima, in offshore New Jersey. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 135, 349–365 (1968)Google Scholar
  19. Ropes, J.: Observations on sexual maturity, growth, macro-and micro-structure in the shells of the surf clam Spisula solidissima (Dillwyn). Proc. natn. Shellfish Ass. 69, 85–91 (1979)Google Scholar
  20. Ropes, J. W., A. S. Merrill and C. Sindermann: Cruise Report, NOAA Ship Delaware II, April 6–May 13, 1976, 23 pp. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northeast Region 1976. (Copies available from Northeast Fisheries Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA)Google Scholar
  21. Thompson, I., D. S. Jones and D. Dreibelbis: Annual internal growth banding and life history of the ocean quahog Arctica islandica (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Mar. Biol. 57, 25–34 (1980)Google Scholar
  22. Turekian, K., J. K. Cochran, D. Kharkar, R. Cerrato, J. R. Vaisnys, H. Sanders, J. F. Grassle and J. Allen: Slow growth rate of a deep-sea clam determined by 228Ra chronology. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 72, 2829–2832 (1975)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Thompson
    • 1
  • D. S. Jones
    • 1
  • J. W. Ropes
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geological and Geophysical SciencesPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  2. 2.Northeast Fisheries CenterU.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries ServiceWoods HoleUSA

Personalised recommendations