An analytical solution of the E-ε model for the downstream evolution of a stationary and nearly homogeneous turbulent shear flow is presented. In case that the turbulent time scale has adjusted itself to the time scale imposed by the shear, an asymptotic solution can be derived from the full solution, which shows that both E and ε increase downstream exponentially. By comparing this asymptotic solution with experimental data a value for the unknown constant c lε , in the ε-equation, is derived. Moreover, we find an expression for the downstream development of the variance of a scalar, which is also compared with experimental data. The analytical solution shows that a homogeneous shear flow with a uniform velocity gradient can only be obtained if the shear is sufficiently small. In the experiments this condition is not always satisfied. A discussion is given on how a nearly homogeneous shear flow can be obtained over a limited downstream interval by changing the initial conditions in E and ε, and a comparison is made with experimental data. Finally it is shown that better transverse homogeneity can be obtained by taking an exponential velocity profile instead of a linear profile.
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Duynkerke, P.G., Nieuwstadt, F.T.M. A solution of the E-ε model for nearly homogeneous turbulence with a mean shear. Appl. sci. Res. 46, 25–43 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00420001
- Velocity Gradient
- Shear Flow
- Asymptotic Solution
- Turbulent Shear
- Full Solution