Morphology and behaviour of sex chromosomes during meiosis in Ascaris suum
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The morphology and behaviour of sex chromosomes was studied in A. suum during meiosis. It was found that the five sex chromosomes have their proper characteristic. The largest is submetacentric, of 2 microns mean length. The second largest is acrocentric, mean length of 1.4 μ. The third largest is metacentric, 1.2 μ mean length. The fourth and the fifth are metacentric, of mean length of 1 μ.
In primary and secondary spermatocyte cells the sex chromosomes are close to each other, most often in the peripheral part of the cell. During anaphase I the pentad sex chromosomes lie freely between the two sister cells. It is assumed that in anaphase II the five sex chromosomes divide equally and are regularly distributed in the daughter cells.
It was found that the chromosomes set of female Ascaris in metaphase I contains 24 bivalent chromosomes n=24 and of male Ascaris 19 bivalents and 5 univalents.
It is assumed that the univalent chromosomes, found in spermatocyte cells, determine sex.
KeywordsAscaris Univalent Chromosome Sister Cell Primary Oocyte Bivalent Chromosome
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